To tackle the increasing burden of diabetes in Africa, health systems on the continent need to be strengthened.
Women’s immune systems mount a significantly stronger response against invaders.
Women have evolved to have stronger immunity than men. But this comes with downsides -
women are more likely to have autoimmune diseases due to their "reactive" immune systems.
Like so many Indigenous people in the NT, Dr G. Yunupingu had chronic hepatitis B since he was a child.
Hepatitis B rates in Indigenous communities are ten times higher than the rest of Australia. Eliminating the infection from Indigenous Australia can make a significant contribution to closing the gap.
Scientists estimate that by 2020, non-communicable disease will account for almost 70% of the total disease burden.
The increase in cases of non-communicable diseases in developing countries has led to an emerging pattern of high levels of multimorbidity.
The Bubonic plague slowed urbanisation, industrial development and economic growth in Europe for many years.
Despite being so small they can't be seen with the naked eye, pathogens that cause human disease have greatly affected the way humans live for centuries.
Spanish flu killed more people than the Great War that preceded it. And tuberculosis even more than that.
Here we explore our past and present struggles with four of the most significant infectious diseases human beings have faced, and some of the progress we've made in prevention and treatment.
What can a single person’s flu infection tell you about how the virus changes around the world?
Xue and Bloom
New genetic technologies are letting us look at flu evolution right where it starts: within individual people, while they're sick.
Researchers have found Australia’s first confirmed case of tularemia in a ringtail possum.
Tularemia is an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans. While it can be fatal, it is rare in Australia and can be treated with antibiotics.
Medical workers move a woman, who is suspected of having Ebola, upon her arrival at Meioxeiro Hospital, in Vigo, northwestern Spain, 28 October 2015.
SALVADOR SAS (EPA)/ AAP
Professor Peter Doherty on infectious disease pandemics.
The Conversation, CC BY-ND 47.6 MB (download)
William Isdale speaks with the University of Melbourne's Professor Peter Doherty about infectious disease pandemics.
Professor Samir Brahmachar: ‘Why should drug discovery be kept in the Wright brothers’ era of trial and error?’
Professor Samir Brahmachari's innovative Open Source Drug Development allows thousands of researchers to work together to discover novel therapies for under-studied diseases.
One nostril or two? Hard blow or gentle? Some ways are more effective and less risky than others.
If you have a blocked or runny nose, chances are you'll reach for a tissue or hanky for a good blow. But is your technique up to scratch?
Tedros Ghebreyesus, the newly elected Director-General of the World Health Organisation.
There are a number of challenges that the World Health Organisation's new leader, Ethiopian-born Tedros Ghebreyesus, will have to navigate during his tenure.
Pit latrine in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Access to clean water and sanitation are key to preventing cholera epidemics.
D. Schafer, SuSanA/Flickr
Cholera kills thousands every year but is treatable if it is caught early. Understanding how El Niño shifts cholera risks in Africa can help countries prepare for outbreaks and save lives.
While the flu vaccine cuts your chance of coming down with influenza, that’s not the whole story.
As we head towards flu season, many people are wondering if it's worth getting vaccinated against influenza and if so, when. Here's what you need to know.
After the Spanish flu we didn’t see any new flu strains for forty years. Now novel strains are increasingly popping up.
How is it the flu has managed to stay around for so long, and why haven't we beaten it yet?
TB most commonly causes pneumonia. Sick people experience cough, fever, sweats and weight loss, usually over weeks to months.
In Australia, there are around 1200 to 1300 cases of tuberculosis each year which means we are among the lowest-risk countries in the world.
How to cut rates of liver cancer? Reducing hepatitis C rates would be a good start.
The newer drugs for hepatitis C might mean fewer people are diagnosed with liver cancer.
A hospital nurse checks the temperature of all visitors in Conakry (Guinea) in 2014, at the height of the Ebola epidemic.
One year after the end of the West African Ebola epidemic, a study of survivors in Guinea shows what has been learned about the deadly virus, and what remains unknown.
Revellers at a carnival in Sao Paulo wear mosquito masks in a reference to the
Aedes aegypti mosquito, which can spread dengue and Zika on February 4, 2016.
Emerging research suggests that preexisting immunity to dengue virus, which is endemic in South America, could make a subsequent Zika infection worse.
Most ill health can be avoided on family holidays through research and planning in advance, plus smart packing.
Simple steps can lower your risk of bringing home traveller's diarrhoea, respiratory infections and mosquito-borne diseases from your holiday.