In spite of noble promises in their constitutions, many countries have a very restrictive approach to demonstrations.
Community radio stations have thrown themselves into the political discussion with gusto.
Some prosecutions followed soon after President Cyril Ramaphosa promised accountability for the Marikana massacre.
Corruption has become one of the biggest concerns for South Africans living in a province that has erupted in violence.
Jacob Zuma was removed by the people's effect, which connected the dots of corruption, a mismanaged state and rapacious capitalism.
Zuma will go down in history as South Africa’s most corrupt head of government since Cecil Rhodes was prime minister of the Cape Colony.
It is five years since the Marikana massacre in South Africa - a related musical unfortunately contributes to the amnesia about the traumatic incident.
Five years on, no-one has been held to account for the Marikana massacre where 34 miners were shot dead by members of the South African Police Service in a single day.
South African Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa's apology for his role in the 2012 Marikana massacre has no credibility, as there wasn't full disclosure.
The growing revolt against South Africa's president, amid state capture allegations, is not an isolated event, but part of a much wider pan-African uprising led by the continent's disaffected youth.
Two musicals set in working class mining communities -- one in the UK and the other in South Africa -- have diametrically opposed messages: one of hope; the other, despair.
Mining proposals are often hugely controversial in South Africa and can even lead to violence. Better strategic assessments based on participation and precaution would help.
Red berets, hard hats, overalls and domestic workers’ uniforms have become a prominent part of South African politics. But these are more than just props for the EFF political party.
Grassroots protesters are questioning the logic of export-led ‘growth’ and renewed fiscal austerity pushed through the ‘Africa rising’ narrative. They want policies that meet their basic needs.
It is normal for resistance movements to adopt rough survival strategies and techniques while fighting an oppressive regime. Unfortunately that culture takes root and is permanently nurtured.
The ANC will be judged by its ability to deliver on its promises to provide basic services and good governance, practise sound financial management and combat corruption this election year.
The reporting of the Marikana massacre was characterised by embedded journalism, sensationalism and polarisation of views. The media became a loudspeaker for powerful political and economic interests.
Police brutality is an ongoing problem in South Africa. Police-worn body cameras may help reduce such incidents by improving accountability. They may also contribute to the safety of officers.
South Africa's homicide rates have declined consistently since democracy, but remain among the highest in the world. They are about four times the global average at more than 30 per 100,000 people.
The Marikana tragedy has dominated recent South African memory and produced many different aesthetic responses.