Whitespotted surgeonfish (
Acanthurus guttatus), found in the Indo-Pacific, crop the upper portion of algae while feeding, preventing macroalgae from becoming established on reefs.
Plant-eating fish control the spread of seaweed and algae on coral reefs. New research explaining why populations of these fish vary from site to site could lead to better reef protection strategies.
A mass proliferation of
Noctiluca scintillans, a red tide forming dinoflagellate at Clovelly Beach, NSW. It can form dense aggregations that deplete oxygen and produce ammonia.
They give us part of the air we breathe but microscopic phytoplankton can also be toxic. They are also on the move thanks to climate change so a new Australian database hopes to monitor any changes.
Antarctica’s delicate ecosystem could be under threat from invasive species.
A warming Earth could see invading species arrive in Antarctica via the floating "taxi service" of the sea. That could be a threat to the southern continent's delicate ecosystem.
The third global bleaching event is currently underway but new research has revealed mechanisms that boost coral resistance to heat stress. Copyright: XL Catlin Seaview Survey.
Corals are under threat from warming seas, and new research shows that even the toughest corals will suffer.
Soon the oceans will be too warm to support thriving coral reefs.
USFWS - Pacific Region/Flickr
Corals are experiencing only the third global bleaching event in recorded history, caused by warming seas. But worse is yet to come.
Acehnese fishers are among the quarter of the world’s population who live on the coast, and for whom climate-driven changes to the oceans would make life much harder.
Hotli Simanjuntak/EPA/AAP Image
Failing to stick to the world's agreed global warming limit of 2C won't just affect the atmosphere - it will play havoc with the oceans too, potentially ruining ecosystems on which much of humanity depends.