Rates of elective surgery are rising most among those aged over 85, due to advances in anaesthesia and techniques such as keyhole surgery. But it's also much riskier.
New tests may mean more people are diagnosed, but that doesn’t mean they’ll be helped by the label or the treatment. Here are five markers that overdiagnosis may be occuring.
Labelling very low-risk conditions as cancers can cause unnecessary anxiety and lead to overtreatment.
Despite tests which rapidly test for malaria being around for several years, overtreatment of malarial drugs still takes place in Africa.
The creation of new “pre-conditions” is turning millions of people into patients across the globe.
Harm doesn’t just come in the form of side-effects or further testing. The "cons" of any treatment also include the costs, which can be financial, emotional, and the costs of the individual’s time.