Ashurbanipal, last major ruler of the Assyrian Empire, couldn’t outrun the effects of climate change.
What caused the rise and then collapse 2,600 years ago of this vast empire centered on Mesopotamia? Clues from a cave in northern Iraq point to abrupt climate change.
Tanya Bill / Shutterstock
Scientists have reconstructed the monsoon over 145m years – and found it predates the Himalayas.
The muck that’s been accumulating at the bottom of this lake for 20,000 years is like a climate time capsule.
Christopher R. Moore
Why did Earth's climate rapidly cool 12,800 years ago? Evidence is mounting that a comet or asteroid collision is to blame, with new support coming from the bottom of a South Carolina lake.
European heatwaves are part of a pattern of rapid global warming.
The clearest picture yet of the past 2,000 years of global temperatures has shown warming in the last 50-odd years is unprecedented in the last two millennia.
A modern mouse lemur
Microcebus sits upon the cranium of an extinct Megaladapis lemur.
Dao Van Hoang www.daovanhoang.com
A series of new studies sheds light on the population crash and extinction of the giant birds, lemurs and more that roamed the island until around A.D. 700-1000.
Monsoon clouds approach in India.
The Indian summer monsoon rainfall affects the lives of over a billion people. By looking at how prehistoric climate changes affected it, scientists can contribute to its future prediction.
King Naram-Sin of Akkad, grandson of Sargon, leading his army to victory.
Rama / Louvre
Scientists have discovered new evidence of a drought that finished off the Akkadian Empire 4,000 years ago.
Surgeonfish on a reef in the Maldives.
Drastic oxygen losses in the world's oceans millions of years ago coincided with mass extinctions. Scientists see this as a warning about how climate change could affect oceans today.
The scientific drilling ship JOIDES Resolution arrives in Honolulu after successful sea trials and testing of scientific and drilling equipment.
The ocean floor holds unique information about Earth's history. Scientific ocean drilling, which started 50 years ago, has yielded insights into climate change, geohazards and the key conditions for life.
Scientists asked young people to draw what they would like the natural world to look like when they're older. Their imagination could help make conservationists more ambitious.
Only you can prevent hothouse earths.
What can we expect from our future climate after looking at the 'Hothouse Earths' of the past?
Natali Snailcat / shutterstock
This sudden, 150,000-year long temperature spike has many parallels with modern climate change.
The skeleton of a therapsid dicynodont
Climate was the main factor that triggered the evolution of warm-bloodedness in mammals and the subsequent mammalian evolutionary success.