Policy-makers must remember that the social consequences of a test are just as important as the test’s content.
The stakes could be highest for students around the world as education systems decide how to respond to the changing shape of global standardized testing.
Large-scale literacy testing has not kept pace with how literacy is practiced in classooms, assessed by teachers and mandated by curriculum.
Are current forms of standardized literacy tests really measuring children's capacity to read and interact with our rapidly-changing world?
The Shanghai maths method is considered to be one the best in the world for teaching students mathematics, but it doesn't necessarily translate well into English schools.
In increasingly diverse societies, teaching must recognize the importance of affirming students’ cultural backgrounds in all aspects of learning.
Culturally-responsive student assessment and evaluation is key to student success in diverse, globalized societies.
Keeping classes under control is a continuous challenge for teachers.
Reports that Australian classrooms are some of the most disruptive in the world are based on the experiences of 15-year-old students alone, and focus on science classes.
Canadians seem not to want to talk about race and racism, deferring instead to ‘income’ and immigration status when it comes to measuring education success.
News of Canada's successful immigrant students glosses over important stories of racism, for example the 'streaming' of Black males. But without more data beyond Toronto, the story is hard to share.
A low sense of belonging is associated with negative behaviours including misbehaviour, drug and alcohol use at school, violence and dropping out of school.
Photo by chuttersnap on Unsplash
When students feel accepted and respected by their teachers and peers, they will actively engage in academic and non-academic activities.
Teenagers’ plans for the future can affect their school work now.
Although fewer Australian teens planned on going to university or TAFE than 15 years ago, figures were still higher than the OECD average.
Students’ sense of belonging at school is linked to how well they do at school.
Australian students, on average, reported a poorer sense of belonging at school than the OECD average. But issues with sense of belonging aren't distributed evenly across the population.
Both first- and second-generation immigrants in British Columbia and Ontario outperformed their non-immigrant counterparts in science literacy, in the 2015 Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Programme for International Student Assessment.
First and second-generation immigrants perform well in many Canadian provinces that take an "accommodation" approach.
England’s top performing maths pupils achieve a very high standard but the bottom performers lag far behind.
But could the influences of Shanghai and Singapore help?
B.C.‘s ambitious new school curriculum includes mandatory financial literacy instruction within math courses at every grade level, starting from kindergarten.
Financial literacy is non-intuitive to the human brain and fundamental to survival today. We should follow British Columbia's example and make financial literacy mandatory in every grade - across the country.
For a student who is blind, the obvious test adjustment is providing a braille test if they are proficient in braille.
Standardised tests restrict how well students with disability can do, which reinforces the idea that there are things they can't do that children without disability can.
Results from the 2017 NAPLAN results showed very little improvement since the test was introduced 10 years ago.
NAPLAN is good at measuring some aspects of education, including knowledge difference between demographics, but has not produced a positive effect on student learning outcomes.
Chemistry class at the Dong Tien Secondary School, Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam.
Asian Development Bank/flickr
How can we improve the PISA standardised tests?
Teenagers don’t know as much as they should about managing money.
Around a fifth of 15-year-olds in Australia do not have basic financial literacy.
Not all students have equal opportunities to develop their talents.
Continuing the status quo will not reduce disadvantage, and over time may even increase it.
Is east Asia really the top dog when it comes to education?
... and why our analysis is a much fairer comparison.
Indonesian girls are performing better than boys in the PISA test. But the overall performance of Indonesian students in science, mathematics and reading is among the lowest of participating countries.
The latest PISA report shows Indonesian girls outperforming boys in all subjects. But, overall, Indonesian students are low performers among students of PISA-participating countries.
How can we use data from international tests to improve student learning?
Various forms of testing that reduce students’ knowledge, capacities and skills to a single number cannot of themselves help inform improvement.