A low sense of belonging is associated with negative behaviours including misbehaviour, drug and alcohol use at school, violence and dropping out of school.
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When students feel accepted and respected by their teachers and peers, they will actively engage in academic and non-academic activities.
Teenagers’ plans for the future can affect their school work now.
Although fewer Australian teens planned on going to university or TAFE than 15 years ago, figures were still higher than the OECD average.
Students’ sense of belonging at school is linked to how well they do at school.
Australian students, on average, reported a poorer sense of belonging at school than the OECD average. But issues with sense of belonging aren't distributed evenly across the population.
Both first- and second-generation immigrants in British Columbia and Ontario outperformed their non-immigrant counterparts in science literacy, in the 2015 Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Programme for International Student Assessment.
First and second-generation immigrants perform well in many Canadian provinces that take an "accommodation" approach.
England’s top performing maths pupils achieve a very high standard but the bottom performers lag far behind.
But could the influences of Shanghai and Singapore help?
B.C.‘s ambitious new school curriculum includes mandatory financial literacy instruction within math courses at every grade level, starting from kindergarten.
Financial literacy is non-intuitive to the human brain and fundamental to survival today. We should follow British Columbia's example and make financial literacy mandatory in every grade - across the country.
For a student who is blind, the obvious test adjustment is providing a braille test if they are proficient in braille.
Standardised tests restrict how well students with disability can do, which reinforces the idea that there are things they can't do that children without disability can.
Results from the 2017 NAPLAN results showed very little improvement since the test was introduced 10 years ago.
NAPLAN is good at measuring some aspects of education, including knowledge difference between demographics, but has not produced a positive effect on student learning outcomes.
Chemistry class at the Dong Tien Secondary School, Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam.
Asian Development Bank/flickr
How can we improve the PISA standardised tests?
Teenagers don’t know as much as they should about managing money.
Around a fifth of 15-year-olds in Australia do not have basic financial literacy.
Not all students have equal opportunities to develop their talents.
Continuing the status quo will not reduce disadvantage, and over time may even increase it.
Is east Asia really the top dog when it comes to education?
... and why our analysis is a much fairer comparison.
Indonesian girls are performing better than boys in the PISA test. But the overall performance of Indonesian students in science, mathematics and reading is among the lowest of participating countries.
The latest PISA report shows Indonesian girls outperforming boys in all subjects. But, overall, Indonesian students are low performers among students of PISA-participating countries.
How can we use data from international tests to improve student learning?
Various forms of testing that reduce students’ knowledge, capacities and skills to a single number cannot of themselves help inform improvement.
Constant reforms in maths education aren’t helping Australia to improve its performance.
Policy continuity is what is needed to improve Australian students' maths capability.
60% of high school students in Singapore receive private tuition.
The role of private tuition plays a part in the overall success of students in Singapore, with around 80% of primary-school children having at least three hours of private tuition a week.
Australia is one of only three countries with significantly decreased maths and science scores in the latest round of PISA.
If we want excellence in our schools, we have to provide a system with the incentives, enablers and rewards for improvement built in.
Politicians need to invest in teachers to improve education standards.
Politicians need to stop meddling with education policy and invest in teachers if Australia's science, mathematics and reading standards are to improve.
Hands up if you’re top of the class.
East Asian pupils continue to outpace their counterparts in Western schools.
Australia has slipped further down the international rankings in maths, science and reading.
Rather than leaping to conclusions about a failing education system, we need to look at what the data tells us about student performance at a state level to help us make more informed decisions.