Worldwide, around 30 million people enter and leave prison each year. Of these people, around 4.5 million have hepatitis C, almost 1 million have HIV and 1.5 million have hepatitis B infections.
A few high-profile cases of jail inmates who committed suicide reveal only a fraction of the problem. NYU expert digs into why jail suicides may be on the rise -- again.
It got top billing in the Queen's speech but is anyone actually any clearer on what the government's prison reforms are?
The government has had to make many u-turns of late and that's unlikely to change now.
Closing Victorian jails is an opportunity to create prisons that benefit inmates – and society.
Standards for prenatal care for incarcerated women vary from state to state, and when care is available, the quality might not be adequate.
As a country that claims to uphold the human rights of all – including those before the law – Australia should take notice of international practice when it comes to life imprisonment.
Even though mental illness is consistently associated with criminal behavior, these conditions are largely undertreated in our prison system.
The undeniable difference between men and women when it comes to committing crime should be reflected in a fundamentally different approach to the sentencing of women.
Almost 60% of short-term prisoners reoffend - ensuring they have a place to stay could seriously reduce that risk.
Transgender woman Vikki Thompson died after being placed in an all-male prison. It's time we stuck up for the rights of trans people.
The screen is as close as many people get to experiencing prison. But do these dramas offer a realistic insight into life behind bars?
If we want to see re-offending rates go down, a radical solution could be to train prisoners in how to start their own businesses.
The United States could have a more productive discussion about prison reform, if we admitted the problems with prisons also affect our poorest communities.
Victoria is failing in relation to rehabilitation of prisoners and post-release support. The consequence is that more people are imprisoned, more often.
Economic growth and investment is supporting prison reform, but it will take time to root out deeply ingrained bad practice.
President Obama wants to reopen access to Pell grants to prisoners. Studies show when men and women enroll in college programs, they are less likely to return to prison.
When it comes to their targets and tactics, inmates follow a predictable pattern.
The US is facing a silent crisis on prison probation, and the UK is following its lead.
It's fair to say Victoria's ban on smoking in prisons has had some teething issues, but there's strong evidence to suggest the move is doing the right thing by inmates, staff and the health system.