Kenya’s pregnancy policy hasn’t addressed the inequalities between rich and poor.
Free maternal services introduced in Kenya in 2013 had the immediate impact of increasing access. But it exposed a divide in which the richest 20% of women were the biggest beneficiaries.
Pensions have made a big difference in the lives of Zanzibar’s elderly men and women.
The case of Zanzibar shows that, given certain political conditions, even low-income countries in Africa can introduce and pay for a universal pension programme.
Multiple approaches to alleviating poverty help cater for different contexts and groups of people.
There is no one perfect package for alleviating poverty, but there is agreement on what the elements should be. Combination and sequence of interventions varies, depending on context and beneficiaries.