Apologies without clear policy shift are typically rejected as ‘empty gestures.’ Here, more than 100 Indigenous people march on Parliament Hill in 1981 to protest the elimination of Aboriginal rights in the proposed Canadian Constitution.
The Canadian Press/Carl Bigras
It's the 12th anniversary of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Canada has yet to implement this declaration even though the TRC says the road to reconciliation needs to start here.
Students stage a walkout to raise awareness about systemic discrimination in the Canadian justice system during a protest at the University of Victoria in Victoria, B.C., on March 14, 2018.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Chad Hipolito
As students and faculty start a new academic year, it's a good time to highlight the barriers to Indigenizing the campus and the importance of Indigenous voices on campus.
It is entirely unprecedented to have a sitting head of government admitting to ongoing genocide. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau during ceremonies at the release of the MMIWG report in Gatineau, on June 3.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Adrian Wyld
Political scientists concern themselves with ideas of democracy. Now that Canada's PM has accepted the finding of genocide, this changes how and what political scientists need to discuss.
Ahmed Timol, pictured in the centre of the 2nd row, was a teacher when he was killed by South African police.
The Timol ruling will not only have implications for crimes under apartheid, but also put the focus on torture within the South African Police Service.
In an attempt to respond to the TRC's calls to action, academic disciplines such as mathematics can contribute through community-led partnerships with Indigenous peoples.
In this October 1998 photo, Nelson Mandela and Desmond Tutu dance after Tutu handed over the final report of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Pretoria.
(AP Photo/Zoe Selsky)
Wherever there is an ugly, unresolved injustice pulling at the fabric of a society, there is an opportunity to haul it out in public and deal with it through a truth commission.
The TRC’s first hearings in 1996. Left to right: Nomonde Calata, a TRC counsellor, and Nyameka Goniwe.
Jon Hrusa/Sunday Times
Twenty years after the final report of South Africa's Truth Commission, dealing with the past will always remain "unfinished business".
Pik Botha’s life’s work was dedicated to the protection and entrenchment of apartheid.
Media 24/Alet Pretorius
The sympathetic take on Pik Botha as a man of peace and a frustrated democrat is a travesty.
Bernie Williams, right, a women’s advocate in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside, embraces Carmen Paterson while testifying at the final day of hearings at the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls, in Richmond, B.C., on April 8, 2018.
(THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl Dyck)
University "Indigenization" efforts using Massive Open Online Courses promise to reach wide audiences. They also raise critical questions about how to embody Indigenous ways of knowing and relating.
Dr. Cindy Blackstock, executive director of the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society, has called on the federal government to stop its chronic underfunding of services for Indigenous children.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jeff McIntosh
No project for reconciliation can succeed unless the federal and provincial governments roll back their power and create space for Indigenous control over their own self-determining futures.
Comb Ridge near Bluff Utah.
The Trump administration recently reduced the size of Bears Ears in Utah, opening millions of acres to mining and other uses. This threatens Indigenous heritage and can be seen as a form of violence.
Apartheid spy Craig Williamson (far right).
Notorious apartheid spy Craig Williamson's sole interest was in reproducing what he regarded as his birthright – wealth and racial privilege.
At the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Desmond Tutu promoted restorative justice. But focusing on individuals neglects broader contexts of violence and inequality.
If violent contexts aren't taken into account, restorative justice does not serve broader society. Instead it serves as a peacemaking process within a paradigm stacked against the poor and vulnerable.
A recent protest by South African schoolchildren which had to be quelled by an under-resourced police force.
It is exactly forty years since the Soweto uprising in June 1976 where the South African police met the students with brutal force. How much has changed in terms of policing?