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Africa needs average economic growth of over 7% for several decades if it’s to reduce poverty and increase income levels. Shutterstock

What needs to be done to make Africa politically stable

Africa is still witnessing an increase in social turbulence, unrest and protest. Only rapid, inclusive economic growth combined with good governance can make the continent less volatile.
A street trader looks out from his store in Cape Town, South Africa. Defining people who earn US$2 a day as middle class doesn’t make sense. EPA/Nic Bothma

Africa’s rising middle class: time to sort out fact from fiction

Some economists have touted the rising middle class as a panacea for Africa's challenges. But a more realistic diagnosis of what makes up a middle class is needed.

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