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A tomato vendor attends to buyer at a makeshift food market established to cushion the effect of COVID lockdown in Lagos. Photo by Pius Utomi Ekpei/AFP via Getty Images

Pandemic underscores flaws in Nigeria’s farming and food supply chains

To overcome food insecurity, especially in a pandemic, Nigeria's emergency preparedness requires a total overhaul of it's agri-food supply chain.
Workers pack syringes at India’s biggest syringe manufacturer. Government support has been key to developing this capacity. Photo by Sajjad Hussain/AFP via Getty Images

South African case study sheds light on how vaccine manufacturing can be developed

African governments, firms and donor agencies should align their efforts to support the local manufacture of vaccines and other health equipment in African countries.
A healthcare worker administers an Oxford/AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine to her colleague at Mutuini Hospital in Nairobi. Kenya on March 3, 2021. Photo by Dennis Sigwe/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

Kenya’s COVID-19 vaccine rollout has got off to a slow start: the gaps, and how to fix them

Kenya grapples with two major challenges in the vaccination rollout: access to sufficient doses in light of the global shortage; and vaccine hesitancy.
Workers at India’s biggest syringe manufacturer ramp up production in September 2020 in race to meet COVID-19 vaccine-driven demand. Photo by SAJJAD HUSSAIN/AFP via Getty Images

Why India is banking on health diplomacy to grow African footprint

There are three broad sets of health-related opportunities and benefits that may shape the future of India-Africa relations.
Maker spaces give engineers and designers the tools to build low-cost medical equipment using locally available materials. Brandon Martin, Rice University

‘Frugal design’ brings medical innovations to communities that lack resources during the pandemic

Engineering students in Malawi and Tanzania have used the materials and tools available to them to build ventilators, personal protective equipment and UV disinfection systems.