Downgrades have a devastating effect on economies that are already strained. The decision to downgrade during a crisis like the coronavirus pandemic must be challenged.
No other photographer in southern Africa has documented war in the way that John Liebenberg did. He captured the life and the conflict of both sides in his body of work.
The Dos Santos family and their supporters claim they are the objects of political persecution.
The Portuguese colonisers were not the only ones who could use radio for control. A new book tells how popular radio broadcasts from Angola's liberation fighters were used as weapons in the struggle.
The euphoria that accompanied João Lourenço's new presidency has ebbed away amid the stark realities of a profoundly dysfunctional political economy.
It's imperative that we understand what creates and sustains the delta for the future management of the system.
At the Sochi summit, African states embraced Russia's newly established relations.
Developments in mitochondrial DNA sequencing are returning South Africa's slavery heritage to view.
CITES' decision seeks to increase levels of monitoring so that we can be more and better informed about the illegal trade of Mukula and over-harvesting.
A historian says that critics get the past wrong.
Private military and security companies are increasingly being contracted in Africa. But there are big gaps in understanding their impact.
When the establishment retains some leverage over reformers change can be slow, superficial, and short-lived. Sudan appears to be a textbook case of this scenario.
The High Court's ruling goes against the trend of greater liberalisation in a number of African countries.
Angola's new President João Lourenço has shown some willingness to engage in more inclusive politics.
Controversy around Winnie Madikizela-Mandela continues in death as it did in life.
Pik Botha defended apartheid and South Africa's occupation of Namibia, but in the end helped end both.
Southern Africa's liberation movements have been losing popularity and confronting a crisis of legitimacy.
There are hundreds of variations on the basic 'flavour' of bird migration.
Too often developments in one country are seen in isolation. In southern Africa events in one affect others in the region.
The Rwandan model can't be replicated easily given that it depends heavily on political dominance and tight, centralised control of patronage networks.