Spraying pesticides in Gama, Brazil, 2016.
A new study shows that the pesticide pyriproxyfen – widely used in Brazil during the Zika outbreak of 2015 – could disrupt thyroid hormones and thus affect brain development in children.
Biodiversity Heritage Library/ Harvard University Archives
Tilly Edinger was the first person to apply a deep-time perspective into different species’ brain evolution. She did this by focusing on the hollow space within a dead animal’s skull.
Toxic stress has long term impacts on the overall well-being of children.
The early childhood years, particularly ages 0-3, are the building blocks of life.
Social disadvantage can cause stress that leads to changes in ‘connectivity’ between brain regions, potentially harming adolescents’ ability to plan, set goals, and self-reflect.
For years, it was thought the brain only grew during childhood, and changed very little thereafter.
Research on the brain’s development could help explain why mental health problems often arise first during adolescence.
The babies born since March 11 2020 have faced a unique set of challenges.
Unsplash/Priscilla Du Preez
The adolescent brain is particularly vulnerable to experience. Puberty is is the time brain networks are hardwired around milestone events. We should help teenagers make meaning of the pandemic.
Babies born via caesarean had lower scores in fine motor skills and communication.
Oksana Kuzmina/ Shutterstock
Our study joins a growing body of evidence that suggests caesarean sections may have more consequences than previously thought.
Learning how to say ‘more.’
JGI/Jamie Grill via Getty Images
Teaching deaf babies sign language improves the success of cochlear implants – and also safeguards their long-term physical and mental health.
Babies love to look at faces for good reason.
monzenmachi/E+ via Getty Images
With caregivers’ faces covered, infants and young children will miss out on all the visual cues they’d normally get during stages of rapid developmental growth.
The original Dikika child skull (left), a 3D model produced with synchrotron scanning (middle), and a model corrected for distortion during fossilisation (right).
Gunz et al. (2020) / Science Advances.
Our findings reveal the slowing down of brain development in our ape-like ancestors began more than three million years ago.
Just a few millimeters across, organoids are clumps of cells that resemble the brain.
Madeline Andrews, Arnold Kriegstein's lab, UCSF
Brain organoids are tiny models that neuroscientists use to learn more about how the brain grows and works. But new research finds important differences between the model and the real thing.
The teenage brain has a voracious drive for reward, diminished behavioural control and a susceptibility to be shaped by experience. This often manifests as a reduced ability to resist high-calorie junk foods.
Excessively eating junk foods during adolescence could alter brain development, leading to lasting poor diet habits. But, like a muscle, the brain can be exercised to improve willpower.
Experts have voiced concerns about the uptake of a recent Canadian study, in which water fluoridation was associated with slightly lower IQs in children.
Community water fluoridation is a cost-effective public health measure that can reduce cavities by approximately 25 per cent. Yet some communities are worried about it.
The living coelacanth in its natural environment off the South African coast.
Laurent Ballesta, Gombessa expeditions, Andromede Oceanology Ltd (from the book Gombessa, meeting with the coelacanth)
The discovery of a living coelacanth fish rocked the world in 1939, as scientists thought they had died out with the dinosaurs. A new study illuminates how its skull and tiny brain develop.
Harnessing adolescents’ readiness to help can be good for them and their communities.
Teens get a bad rap as selfish, dangerous risk-takers. But neuroscience and psychology research is revising that image: Adolescents are primed to help those around them, with positive benefits for all.
Researchers have grown groups of brain cells in the lab – known as ‘organoids’ – that produce brain waves resembling those found in premature infants.
Science is creating new living matter – like stem cells grown to create brain tissues in the lab. With power comes responsibility and what matters is an ethical question, not a scientific one.
The character of Kayla in ‘Eighth Grade’ is a true-to-life representation of an anxious teen.
Almost a third of American adolescents have anxiety disorders. Researchers in developmental neuroscience are figuring out that how the brain matures over time may be part of the reason why.
The Joint Occupational Health and Safety Committee (JOHSC) of Thompson Rivers University in British Columbia unanimously voted on March 5, 2018 to ban all smoking of marijuana products on campus — for health and safety reasons.
In advance of marijuana legalization in Canada, one university in British Columbia has taken a firm stance, banning all smoking of cannabis products on campus.
A boy stares out of a heavily tinted bus window leaving a U.S. Customs and Border Protection facility, Tuesday, June 19, 2018, in McAllen, Texas.
AP Photo/Eric Gay
The traumatic separations of children and parents initiated at the border can cause permanent changes in the structure of the infants’ and children’s brains and the activity of their genes.