University students use a mattress as a shield against rubber bullets.
Social justice is not just a phrase for protesting students. Instead it is something that defines them.
A student passes South African riot police during free education protests at Johannesburg’s University of the Witwatersrand.
Some students argue wrongly that the ANC has betrayed the promise of free higher education made in the Freedom Charter. The governing party's populism is also to blame for the confusion.
South Africa’s student protests are raising difficult issues, some of which are not being debated openly.
Demands being made by protesting students in South Africa purport to support the poor. But the most marginalised young people in the country will not benefit from free higher education.
South Africa’s finance minister Pravin Gordhan in a balancing game
South Africa's finance minister, Pravin Gordhan, had to battle poor growth and falling revenue in preparing the 2016 medium term budget. How did he do?
Thousands of students marched to parliament where South Africa’s finance minister presented his mid-term budget.
Finance minister Pravin Gordhan announced that government expenditure on higher education and specifically universities will be the fastest growing expenditure items on the budget.
A defiant student sits in the middle of a road after a crowd was dispersed during a protest over fees to parliament on the occasion of finance minister Pravin Gordhan presenting his medium-term budget.
South African finance minister Pravin Gordhan's medium-term budget speech was a lot about balancing the politics of a divided ruling ANC.
South African Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan presenting the medium term budget. The country’s economy remains in the doldrums.
South Africa's 2016 medium term budget was awaited with bated breath amid rising political tensions, increasingly violent student protests and the threat of a credit downgrade.
There has been a great deal of research, planning and talking to come up with solutions to South Africa's higher education funding crisis. Some of these plans must now be put into action.
University authorities in South Africa have agreed to most fees protesters’ demands. Yet, the protesters keep moving the goalposts. Do they want more than fees to fall?
The student movement in South Africa prides itself on being “leaderless”.
Student protesters have demonstrated good leadership in some spheres but come up short in other areas. This suggests that universities ought to focus more on how they teach leadership.
Peacekeepers can offer a channel of communication between police and protesters.
Peacekeeping is not easy. But for South Africa's universities to begin working towards solutions, it is crucial that their communities give peace a chance.
Scenes like these may drive young people away from academic careers.
Many young academics and those who might be considering an academic career will be horrified by what's unfolding at South Africa's institution. Will bright minds be lost?
Critical dialogue could help South African universities get back on their feet.
When students are genuinely listened to and understood, and their proposed solutions to problems are taken seriously, real change can happen in university faculties.
When several South African universities merged, it was hoped this would improve access and equality. It had the opposite effect.
Polls and elections are considered vital democratic tools – but there’s more to true democracy.
There are several different ways to approach democracy. Polls, elections and referenda all feature, but they're not the only way to deepen democracy.
South Africa’s economy will be hit hard if universities can’t finish the year.
Economic models suggest that South Africa's GDP would fall, inequality would deepen and unemployment would rise if university graduates don't enter the labour market in 2017.
Many South Africans fear and mistrust the police.
Clashes between student protesters and armed security (whether public or private) compel South Africans to consider the role of use of force in the context of protests.
Nelson Mandela, accompanied by his wife Winnie, walks out of the Victor Verster prison on February 11, 1990.
The foundation founded by Nelson Mandela in 1999 has done a major revision - it has written off most of his reign as comprising "grand symbolic gestures".
The costs of student protests are far higher than imagined.
There is a very real risk that South Africa's major research projects will stumble and the whole research machine will be shut down by ongoing student protests.
A student tries to stem her bleeding during clashes at the University of the Witwatersrand.
Protest movements become radicalised by two factors: escalating policing and competitive escalation between political adversaries and other protesting groups.