Early diagnosis and treatment are key in the fight against HIV.
One of the main challenges remains that diagnostics and drugs for people suffering from advanced HIV aren't readily available. This group of people is vulnerable to deadly opportunistic infections.
Could SARS-CoV-2 evolve to dodge the vaccine?
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As viruses are transmitted from person to person they are constantly mutating and replicating. Could the SARS-CoV-2 virus evolve to evade the new vaccines that have just been developed?
Long-acting cabotegravir injections once every eight weeks was better than the daily tablet used for HIV prevention.
Our findings suggest that cabotegravir is much more effective than Truvada in preventing HIV infection in women.
Illicit endangered wildlife trade in Möng La, Shan, Myanmar.
To better anticipate and manage the emergence of new pandemics, a paradigm shift is needed to take into account the complex interactions between human health, animal health, the environment and the economy.
Ccommunication tended to be one-sided and used fear.
Equipping parents with the right information on what to talk about, and how to talk about it, is a key step in addressing challenges to sexual health.
The COVID-19 new normal might be here for quite some time.
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As ready as you are to be done with COVID-19, it's not going anywhere soon. A historian of disease describes how once a pathogen emerges, it's usually here to stay.
Many factors influence how consistently women take their HIV medicine.
The use of antiretroviral therapy among pregnant and breastfeeding women in Zambia has increased but adherence is a problem.
COVID-19 has not been as devastating in South Africa as initially feared.
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Some insights into previous outbreaks of human coronaviruses may be useful in explaining the comparatively 'low' numbers of COVID-19 infections and mortality in people with HIV in South Africa.
Malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS are regarded as the 'big three' infectious diseases. This is where scientists are at in their efforts to find a vaccine for each one.
Adolescents need to be part of prevention interventions.
Underlying social and structural causes of behaviour - such as poverty and gender disparities - are often ignored. But these are potential drivers of HIV infection among young people.
A woman carries a bucket of fresh water to an informal settlement in Khayelitsha,Cape Town.
COVID-19 has stretched South Africa's public health services to capacity. In response, the services have increased their capacity through innovation.
A healthcare worker in a protective suit is seen at a quarantine and isolation centre in Johannesburg, South Africa.
The redirection of resources to COVID-19 has enormous consequences for the provision of healthcare services for other diseases, in particular, HIV programmes.
Proposals in NSW to force someone who spits at or bites a frontline worker to be tested for HIV and other blood-borne viruses are a real problem - for workers and the public.
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HIV activists in South Africa laid the foundation for relatively widespread citizen trust in science and expertise. Now government must capitalise on this and drive COVID-19 prevention campaigns.
A volunteer receives an injection from a medical worker during the country’s first human clinical trial for a potential vaccine against COVID-19 in Soweto, South Africa.
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In a pandemic like this one, the priority is to save lives. But without a vaccine, there's a limit in the tools available to save lives.
In South Africa, both HIV and pre-eclampsia are a burden to maternal health.
Reducing maternal deaths in developing countries relies on the ability of health systems to swiftly identify and manage women at high risk.
Woodcut from 1665 depicting the Black Death.
From the Black Death to COVID-19, there have always been those who think good Christian practice will save them from death.
A woman walks past a graffiti by Anthony Kihoro in Kenya sensitising people about the coronavirus.
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COVID-19 differs significantly from HIV and Ebola. But the potential consequences of having a misinformed public are similar.
South Africa’s hard, extended lockdown has come at a significant economic cost.
South Africa should base its COVID-19 mitigation strategy on the premise that the pandemic will last for two years unless a vaccine is developed before then.
A woman waits for a streetcar in Toronto on April 16, 2020. The many Black people working in essential jobs do not have the luxury of staying home during the pandemic.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Nathan Denette
Black lives are further in peril in a time of COVID-19. Subject to death on both the public health and policing fronts, we will not be silent.