Besides the misalignment of its resources, design, equipment and its additional roles, the military has also been hobbled by misappropriation of funds.
Peacekeeping had been in decline before COVID-19, but they are vital tools in the UN's armoury.
South Africa's post-apartheid leaders have failed to properly prepare the military for secondary roles such as peacekeeping, let alone to a fight a virus.
Nigeria's pre-eminent position in Africa, lost to corruption and political patronage over the years, can be regained by putting its house in order.
Local peacebuilders must step up to the plate with support from their counterparts in the international community.
The South African National Defence Force has suffered from terrible neglect over the past 25 years of democracy.
The country has suspended the rotation of peacekeeping troops in a move to manage the pandemic.
Drones could help United Nations peacekeepers save civilians' lives – but there are obstacles.
The independent strategic review, now before the Security Council, recognises many of the challenges ahead. But it appears overly sanguine about what can be achieved within a three-year period.
At the Sochi summit, African states embraced Russia's newly established relations.
Using the military continuously in internal roles for which it is not structured, funded or trained simply speeds up its decline.
Election to the Security Council is prestigious for member states because it gives them a seat at the highest table of global decision-making.
UN agencies could play a role in improving training programmes for peacekeepers who help women.
The killing of protesters by the Sudanese military signifies its reluctance to hand over power, as demanded by the African Union.
Interviews with Rwandan women from the military who had served on peacekeeping missions found many felt ill-equipped for what they had to deal with.
He left an enduring legacy of embedding democracy and involving civil society in the pursuit of peace.
Conflict patterns in Africa have changed rapidly in recent years posing a challenge to peace and security.
South Africa must position itself to play a decisive role in shaping a new world order as the theUS retreats from global leadership.
It's all too easy to miss the point about sex work in areas hit by conflict and disaster. How about listening to the people who experience it?
Survival sex – the exchange of sexual favours for aid packets – happens in refugee camps everywhere. Victims are not protected by international human rights law.