Scientists aren’t always right, and new evidence can always emerge to disprove a theory. Still, philosophy helps explain why there is good reason for us to trust science regardless.
Two simple rules can help us identify future-proof science.
Augustine’s Confessions has become a modern classic because it feels so immediate and familiar to our current desire for self-understanding.
Cognition may evolve in response to increasing complexity.
Reliance on the support of others after an accident showed philosopher David Newheiser the power of solidarity. We need a similar sense of communal connection in our approach to COVID, he writes.
Pessimism, as explored by the philosopher Schopenhauer, offers tools to come to terms with the idea that refusing to relentlessly pursue happiness is perhaps the most reasonable attitude.
Stoicism can easily be misread as pessimistic because of its relentless focus on mortality and fragility. But its core message – contained in songs spanning generations – is profoundly empowering.
Does true love require self-sacrifice, as depicted in Thor: Love and Thunder? Plato’s Symposium, the most famous ancient dialogue on love, offers many perspectives.
Water companies are presenting people with an ethical dilemma.
What would moralists and realists say about the UK’s recent political turmoil?
Irony is linked to the ability to say one thing while thinking another – which means it’s also intrinsic to being human. What does new research into artificial intelligence and irony reveal?
Humanity’s remarkable powers of comprehension can be aggrandising, but ultimately they demand a sense of humility.
Fanon left a remarkable imprint, his views influencing many in the field of mental illness as well as pan-Africanist and anti-colonialism thinkers.
The answer could lie in evolution.
Marx’s thought was groundbreaking. His primary interest wasn’t simply capitalism. It was human existence and our potential.
People make decisions throughout their lives about their health. But when they are terminally ill they are not allowed to decide when they want to die.
Ludwig Wittgenstein’s brilliant early work has had a lasting influence on philosophy, though almost no one has agreed with his conclusions – not even Wittgenstein himself.
Being gay in Africa can pose culturally specific challenges which the dominant, heterosexual culture may find difficult to accept.
The word ‘evil’ sends a clear message – or does it? There are deep tensions in what the word means, and what it can accomplish.
There’s a perfectly good alternative to dark matter, but most scientists aren’t keen on the idea.