Optical illusions appear when our brains have trouble moulding raw sensory data into shapes and patterns. Designers have been exploiting this process for centuries.
Knoll is best known for transforming the design of America's corporate offices. But she was also on the front lines of a State Department effort to promote American ingenuity and capitalism abroad.
Asylums were once designed to aid mental recovery – perhaps modern prisons should take note.
Buildings are responsible for 40 per cent of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions worldwide. Efforts to reduce emissions should no longer be voluntary.
From the amphitheatre at Arles to London's Wembley, stadiums can be adapted to serve their cities.
It's tempting to blame building certifiers and the fact they are privately employed. But the cracks in the quality of our apartment buildings go deeper and can be fixed.
The Parthenon has been seen as central to the history of Western civilisation. But the building has a troubled past that is somewhat at odds with our ideas of democratic values.
When large companies move into an area, the result is often gentrification. When this happens, the economic and social costs for displaced residents is typically high.
Work to preserve the country's heritage is already happening.
People living with the change and uncertainty of this century need flexible and adaptable housing. Here we look at a couple of examples of what's possible.
Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful buildings in the world, but over the last four centuries it has aged and darkened from pollution.
Federation Square may be less than 20 years old, but that doesn't mean it can't be heritage listed. Heritage value depends on many things including cultural significance
Design principles, known as 'crime prevention through environmental design', are used all over the world to make cities safer. But some of these principles can be discriminatory and hostile.
Building regulations will prevent Glasgow School of Art being recreated exactly as it was, so is it time to consign it to history and start over?
Studies show that people's environments influence their mood. The same is true of homeless shelters, which can either help or hurt residents' psychological well-being — and, possibly, their futures.
Mexico City desperately needs a new airport. It also needs more green space. One landscape architect thinks the Mexican capital's new Norman Foster-designed international airport can be both.
A first glimpse of the low-income housing scheme, designed in collaboration with West, raises red flags.
Sixty two countries are represented at this year's International Architecture Exhibition. In the Australian Pavilion, 65 species of grassland plants fill a black cube.
Why not turn the moat of parkland enclosing Parliament House into a new inner-city?
Middle-class houses in the US have grown ever larger. The average single-family home is almost twice the size of a home in the 1960s. It's time to consider the downsides of sizing up.