New research shows how a lack of basic information caused by the language barrier can lead to the spread of fake news in refugee communites.
To contain and mitigate the virus of misinformation needs multi-levelled, socio-cultural approaches.
In Africa, people who report higher levels of exposure to disinformation also report lower levels of media trust.
GEORGES GOBET/AFP via Getty Images
The freedom of the press is important, and of course it must be protected. But the freedom of everybody else and of ordinary citizens is also important.
Unlike the US, Australia hasn't yet been hit by a large-scale disinformation campaign focussed on meddling with elections. But this is a 'realistic prospect' moving forward.
Microsoft co-founder and philanthropist Bill Gates has been one of the targets of misinformation during the pandemic and was falsely accused of helping spread the COVID-19 virus to sell a vaccine.
(Reaching the Last Mile Forum via AP Images)
The World Health Organization says the abundance of misinformation swirling around COVID-19 is as dangerous as the virus itself. There are ways to fight this, however.
While trust in media has risen in both the US and Australia, a sharp partisan divide is apparent in Americans' trust in media.
False information about the new coronavirus is a big threat to containing the pandemic but governments must not use 'fake news' as an excuse to limit freedom of expression.
No, this person is not creating a deadly virus.
CDC / Unsplash
The conspiracy theory that Covid-19 was created in a laboratory has been widely reported, yet there is no evidence to support it. Why such theories thrive can easily be explained, however.
Somali women on a coronavirus awareness campaign.
Some of the false claims about coronavirus may be harmless. But others can be potentially dangerous.
According to Bot Sentinel, #coronavirus and #COVID19 are among the top hashtags being used by Twitter bot accounts.
Facebook, the least trusted tech company, has taken the lead in fighting coronavirus misinformation.
AP Photo/Ben Margot
Facebook, Google and Twitter are stepping up to block misinformation and promote accurate information about the coronavirus. Their track records on self-policing are poor. The results so far are mixed.
Help stop the infodemic.
Commuters outside Nairobi Railway Station wash their hands before entering the train station as a preventive measure against COVID-19.
Photo by Dennis Sigwe/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images
Health literacy is the degree to which people can get, understand and use basic health information to make decisions about health issues.
From coronavirus to climate change, it's easy to be misled by some reporting.
The social media spread of news, information and myths about coronavirus can help keep the public informed but can also stoke panic.
Humour is sometimes used as a coping mechanism in tragic situations.
Jokes and satire can build resilience but also spread misinformation as people don't always know what is trustworthy and what is just funny.
In the midst of international health and financial crises, how do we stay informed while maintaining mental wellness and productivity?
Jane Barlow/PA Wire/PA Images
While COVID-19 is a real concern for businesses and governments, a more serious issue right now is the wider impact of heavily recycled information on society.
A crop circle in Switzerland.
The internet has allowed pseudoscience to flourish. Artificial intelligence could help steer people away from the bad information.
A 1411 depiction of a man and woman suffering with bubonic plague, or “Black Death”.
Everett Historical/ Shutterstock
Misinformation and "fake news" was also widespread during the Black Death.