How sea water circulates underneath Antarctic ice shelves is a vital missing link in climate change projections.
These lakes could threaten the future stability of parts of the Antarctic ice sheet.
Since 1995, several ice shelves off the Antarctic Peninsula have abruptly disintegrated. A new analysis suggests that these events are triggered when ice shelves lose their buffer of floating ice.
Last summer one of Antarctica's floating ice shelves calved an iceberg the size of Delaware – but scientists say other less dramatic changes reveal more about how and why Antarctica is changing.
Warm waters run very deep.
A huge iceberg is set to break free from Antarctica. While the iceberg isn't hugely concerning, it could herald the breakup of the entire Larsen C ice shelf, which could trigger more sea-level rise.
Polar ice isn't all the same - it can be divided roughly into "land ice" and "sea ice". What matters most for sea levels is how much ice slides off the land and melts in the sea.
Researchers find that ice around Antarctica shrank quickly last decade, raising concerns over this buttress against melting land-based ice and future sea-level rise.