British colonial rule of Iraq led to some intriguing language swaps.
Rebuilding Syria will be complex and costly. But expertise and extensive funds will be in short supply due the geopolitical absence of the US and other Western countries.
The Syrian conflict is a war of many sides. Here's a rundown of the key players.
If journal editors fail to retract or properly flag data revealed as inaccurate, they leave open the possibility that it'll be cited for years to come.
Saddled with a repressive government that cuts their wages in the name of austerity, Iraq's Kurds are demanding something better.
Looting of Iraq's national museum began on April 10, 2003. At least half of the artefacts taken remain missing and disturbingly, the illegal trade in stolen antiquities has grown in the years since.
After the US invasion brought their dictator down, Iraqis' everyday lives were marked by chaos and violence.
Islamic State systematically militarised the education systems of captured Iraqi and Syrian territory to turn the region’s children into ideological timebombs.
A scholar who has profiled leaders like Saddam Hussein and Vladimir Putin says there is a method to understanding the madness.
The revelation that a Bosnian company had broken the arms embargo on Iraq unified three armies which had been fighting each other a decade before.
Why are Iraqi applicants for asylum in the UK treated so much worse than Syrians?
The Kurdistan Workers' Party is under mounting pressure.
What should the UK do with foreign jihadis who return home?
We don’t care, or possibly dare, to look back five or ten years later to see what happened to international aid projects.
Was the early conception of IS a branching-out of the old Baath party? Or was it, as some argue, completely separate with no connection at all? Reality is probably a bit of a mix of both.
From an Australian perspective, shifting power in the Indo-Pacific will be of primary importance in 2018 and beyond.
On Nov. 12, a 7.3 magnitude quake killed some 500 and injured 7,000 along the Iran-Iraq border. This Kurdish area has also been crushed by war and, after a recent separatist vote, militarily attacked.
The wars in Syria and Iraq are products of secretive decision-making by the executive. Their disastrous consequences are evidence of the need for war powers reform.
The Nov. 12 earthquake wasn't centered on any known major faults in the Earth's crust. In its wake, scientists will collect data to add detail to what they know about seismic activity in the area.
What lies ahead for IS after Mosul, Raqqa and tens of thousands of casualties?