Countries or international organizations regularly enact sanctions against individual states. But how can the effectiveness of these measures be evaluated?
Vladimir Putin is a standard-bearer, rather than a pioneer in the history of Soviet and Russian political assassination.
Once stripped of their symbolic power, problem monuments offer what educators call 'teachable moments,' helping people assess society's current values and compare them with what mattered in the past.
Many people who participate in disinformation campaigns are unwitting accomplices and much of the information they spread is accurate, which makes it all the harder to identify the campaigns.
The Russian cyberthreat, now targeting coronavirus vaccine research, goes back over three decades, extends into the country's educational systems and criminal worlds, and shows no signs of letting up.
Moscow has invested heavily in remembering the Soviet system of terror, while trying to crush those like historian Yuri Dmitriev who contradict the pro-Stalin narrative.
When Russia transitioned from a command economy to a market-based one, many thought it would lead to huge unemployment. It didn't – but that's because much of it was hidden.
The fifth episode of a series from The Anthill Podcast on how recoveries from major crises throughout history focuses on what happened after the fall of the Soviet Union.
The culture of remembrance in Germany is viewed by many as exemplary. But it has some grave shortcomings.
Putin's rule has defined what political power means in post-Soviet Russia, with important consequences for the rest of the world.
In some ways, many of America's CEOs are like closet socialists whose corporations offer a working model for what a socialist United States could look like.
Revolutions are built not on deep misery but on rising expectations. History may not provide much hope of immediate change in Hong Kong – but protesters may have a longer view.
Oligarchs have made headlines recently as the impeachment hearings against President Donald Trump move forward.
Performances of prison life are commonplace nowadays in gulag museums. Visitors can vividly imagine it all – the tears, pain and despair.
One hundred years ago, the inventor of the most deadly weapon of the 20th century was born in Russia. Now more than 100 million of his namesake guns have been manufactured and used around the world.
Multiple American presidents have viewed US support of Ukraine's security and democracy as critical to the national interest. President Trump's dealings with Ukraine are a major divergence.
Most of the time, these operations were not urgent – unlike the one following this disaster that summoned some 600,000 people to the site of the worst nuclear accident of all time.
Why did Vintage Classics make the baffling decision to ask controversial psychologist Jordan B. Peterson to write the forward to an abridged edition of 'The Gulag Archipelago?'
Central planning may make an AI-supported comeback.
Documentary or drama? The HBO/Sky series is gripping watching, but sometimes facts make way for artistic licence.