Activists mark National Reparations Day in Washington, D.C., on July 1, 2019.
Alex Wong/Getty Images
As the US debates reparations for descendants of slavery, cases in Africa help illustrate the limits of programs focused solely in financial restitution.
Students of the Metlakatla Indian Residential School, B.C.
(William James Topley. Library and Archives Canada, C-015037)
The destruction of IAP residential school records and media reports that continually emphasize compensation will ensure that if remembered, the process will be remembered through a colonial gaze.
By identifying the need to tackle systemic discrimination instead of colonialism, Trudeau is reinforcing an established idea in Canadian politics: that colonialism is history.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Sean Kilpatrick
Narratives that historicize colonialism are not new. Canadians and our leaders have a long history of denying our settler colonial present.
Thuli Madonsela, professor of law and former Public Protector of South Africa.
The first of a series of fatal flaws in the idea is about where to draw the line.
Rocks painted with the message “every child matters,” commemorate Orange Shirt Day, Sept. 30, about creating meaningful discussion about the effects of Residential Schools and their legacy.
(Province of British Columbia/Flickr)
A study in one Alberta school board found racism contributes to poor attendance of on-reserve Indigenous students in public schools, despite educators not recognizing this as a barrier.
Leonardo Cendamo/Getty Images
In each of his novels, he explored questions that shifted South Africa's cultural debates, especially about memory and race.
Human rights lawyer and anti-apartheid activist George Bizos at Freedom Park, Pretoria, in 2013.
His appearance on behalf of the families of mine workers shot by the police at the Marikana Commission of Inquiry was just one of his efforts to seek justice for the poor and marginalised.
Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s freedom struggle icon and first black president, continues to be revered around the world.
Mandela left at the right time in 1999, when the country still seemed in a healthy state, after which he consolidated his international reputation.
Wet'suwet'en hereditary chiefs from left, Rob Alfred, John Ridsdale and Antoinette Austin, take part in a rally in Smithers, B.C., in January 2020 against the Coastal GasLink project.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jason Franson
Reconciliation cannot be achieved by the brute force of the RCMP or the self-interests of energy companies.
Despite challenges, teacher education offers a path to begin righting inequities and injustice. Here, people stand on a map from the Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada at a launch in Toronto in 2018.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Mark Blinch
Decolonized education means working with settler teachers to overcome guilt and find the courage to acknowledge privilege, racism and colonialism to work in partnership for a better future.
Ahmed Timol, pictured in the centre of the 2nd row, was a teacher when he was killed by South African police.
The Timol ruling will not only have implications for crimes under apartheid, but also put the focus on torture within the South African Police Service.
Ahmed Timol’s funeral in 1972.
In South Africa's criminal justice system post-1994, the Timol case is the first to enact what can be properly understood as restorative justice.
Gambian refugees return home from Senegal on January 21, 2017, the day Yahya Jammeh conceded defeat and left the country.
Criminal trials await those found responsible for the most serious crimes in The Gambia.
A mural in Bogside in Derry/Londonderry near the site of the events of Bloody Sunday.
Why a broad amnesty for Northern Ireland's Troubles remains unlikely.
Supporters of the Unist'ot'en camp and Wet'suwet'en walk along a bridge over the Wedzin kwa River leading towards the main camp outside Houston, B.C., on Jan. 9, 2019.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Chad Hipolito
It's time to engage with Indigenous people through the governance systems built prior to European settlement.
Hugh Lewin served on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
Institute for the Advancement of Journalism
Hugh Lewin is best known for two books that arose from his early involvement in the anti-apartheid underground.
The TRC’s first hearings in 1996. Left to right: Nomonde Calata, a TRC counsellor, and Nyameka Goniwe.
Jon Hrusa/Sunday Times
Twenty years after the final report of South Africa's Truth Commission, dealing with the past will always remain "unfinished business".
South African journalism is in the spotlight.
South African editors and journalists failed in their ethical contract with society.
Concrete action steps are needed to help reconciliation, says a research team that offers 12 actionable ideas. Here Ben Paul, of the Musqueam First Nation, sings and plays a drum during the Walk for Reconciliation in Vancouver, B.C., on Sept. 24, 2017, held to promote positive relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Canada.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl Dyck
It's been three years since the TRC released its report on the lasting impact of residential schools in Canada but responses to the 94 Calls to Action have been slow. A new framework hopes to change that.
A statue of John A. Macdonald in Montreal has been repeatedly vandalized with red paint to symbolize blood. As the debate continues about removing statues, what specific actions are needed to promote reconciliation?
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Graham Hughes
Removing statues of historical figures may be important symbolic statements when it comes to reconciliation, but action on important Indigenous issues like land claims and education are needed more.