Given the disconnect between Russia and the US and its NATO allies, it is puzzling why the talks happened at all, and what might possibly be gained from them.
The two leaders ignored the most pressing global issue to concentrate on the status quo issues of security and arms control.
Nord Stream 2 is a pipeline that will deliver Russian gas to Western Europe – and, by extension, increase Putin’s influence across the continent. That makes Ukraine and some other countries nervous.
This could have been a feisty exchange between two adversaries. But the summit was a calm affair, with each side hoping their hostile relationship could be ratcheted down a notch or two.
When Joe Biden and Vladimir Putin meet in Geneva, what will they learn from their predecessors more than 30 years ago?
Some tension was inevitable at the June 16 US-Russia summit. But Vladimir Putin’s defiant support for Belarus’s rogue regime now pits him harder against the West.
Two energy and climate policy experts take a closer look at the Leaders Summit on Climate, the US pledge and today’s industrial reality.
The genius of the Paris climate agreement was getting major oil producing countries to agree to a target, but they still have widely different views of energy’s future.
Both Russia and China are signalling they will only deal with the West where and when it suits them. They are also increasingly comfortable working together as close partners.
There were messages for friend and foe alike, but Biden was strangely silent on Brexit.
A scholar of cyber conflict sets out why retaliation doesn’t prevent future attacks, and explains what might have a better chance.
Calls to keep talking are getting louder out of fear of escalation and ultimately war – but why are diplomatic relations so difficult for Nato and Russia?
A round-up of expert analysis from across the world on Biden’s win.
Russia may not be a foreign policy priority for the incoming Biden administration. But its promise to foreground democracy will put the Kremlin on edge.
How would Joe Biden engage a world upended by Trump? A diplomacy expert explains what Biden’s history says about his foreign policy priorities.
Putin’s rule has defined what political power means in post-Soviet Russia, with important consequences for the rest of the world.
The extensive media coverage of the Helsinki meeting was almost universally critical of Trump, which overshadowed the chance to ask more meaningful questions about how the world deals with Russia.
Vladimir Putin may well have something on Donald Trump. But their close ties could also be about oil prices and Trump’s efforts to get Russia to ends it alliance with China.
Interpreters’ notes are used as a short-term memory aid, not a full record of a discussion.
US intelligence assessments have concluded that Russia intervened in the 2016 election to some degree. Trump prefers the Russian version of events.