Angola’s 2022 election is the first in which citizens born after the war are old enough to vote.
The presence of fringe presidential contenders is a marker of maturing democracies.
The country has had five governments in 10 years. Every time a government collapses, the reform programme follows suit.
The whole idea behind independent candidates is the hope that their inclusion might improve the accountability of parliamentarians to the voters. The bill doesn’t do that.
The MPLA is using all instruments at its disposal to hobble a new united opposition front ahead of the Angola election.
Most citizens feel that it is pointless to vote because it won’t change anything.
The biggest challenge is that the government does not have a monopoly over the legitimate use of force.
The 2021 local government elections signals widespread disillusionment with representative democracy that only a sea change in service delivery can fix.
Turnout was low. But not equally so across the board. Patterns show it was not a statement by all voters – it was a message from ANC supporters.
The rise in political parties and the explosion in the number of independents means that it’s no longer simply a race among the three major parties.
President Tshisekedi’s government no longer has the excuse that it’s being hampered by the dead hand of his predecessor Joseph Kabila’s cabal.
The right to free and fair elections may be undermined if political parties cannot campaign due to COVID-19 restrictions by the state.
Zambia’s new president will have to balance austerity and the high expectations of the many unemployed young people and struggling people who voted for him.
It’s not convincing to argue that the political parties would not be able to campaign as they have done in the past.
Frustration is growing among opposition supporters who believe the last election was stolen.
There is more support for democracy among African people than is often recognised. Yet this can be undermined by election rigging and is lower in countries like Lesotho, Mozambique and South Africa.
Angola needs a mixed electoral system. This would promote accountability through the direct election of representatives from constituencies.
Concerns about socioeconomic well-being were the main reason why people voted for a certain political party.
A new government with popular legitimacy will have power to address lingering political, economic and security challenges.
The recent spate of military takeovers, most recently in Chad, highlights a developing trend by armed forces in Africa which overtly subvert constitutional governance.