People relying on HIV prevention, care and treatment services have become even more vulnerable because of COVID-19.
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If the world is single-minded and focuses purely on combating one pandemic, forgetting others, the effects of other morbidity and mortality on healthcare systems will be seen for a long time to come.
2020 is the international year of the nurse and midwife.
Nurses represent 50% of the global healthcare workforce. And they are often the sole healthcare providers in many low and middle-income countries.
Many hospitals permit nurses to initiate and manage patients on ART.
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The giant leap in the number of people accessing HIV treatment would not have been possible without task shifting from medical doctors to less-specialised cadres such as nurses and midwives.
Care for patients with more than one disease is fragmented and uncoordinated. This is can cost patients time, effort and lost wages.
Heatwaves pose a huge threat to human health.
Extreme heatwaves aren't systematically monitored in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa. This leads to unnecessary and premature deaths which are often unrecorded.
If you've tested positive for COVID-19, a public health officer will call you to interview you. It can be confronting – but it's important to answer the contact tracer's questions as best you can.
South African president Cyril Ramaphosa addressing the G20 recently.
While South Africa should pay careful attention to all its existing trade and economic relations, particular attention should go to its intra-African economic relations.
There's more to successful coronavirus policy than the R number.
There’s valuable data on the spread of COVID-19 in this wastewater.
Montgomery County Planning Commission
As the world waits for vaccines against COVID-19, testing wastewater can give communities and smaller locales, such as school districts, valuable signals about infections trends.
Many South Africans use traditional medicine.
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Currently there is no specific antiviral drug to treat COVID-19 and no vaccine to prevent it. Most treatment strategies focus on symptomatic management and supportive therapy.
Governments can't force people to be vaccinated, but they can penalise those who don't.
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Face masks work well to stop the spread of diseases like coronavirus in the lab, but in the real world they seem to be less effective.
The informal sector plays a big role in waste management in Nigeria.
Waste management should be treated as an essential service, and in Nigeria that means recognising informal workers.
It is essential to add genomic data from all global populations - including Africa. This will ensure that everyone can benefit from the advances in health.
Small rural hospitals across the country are struggling to find enough space, staff and supplies.
AP Photo/Charlie Riedel
Hospitals are losing staff to quarantines as rural COVID-19 cases rise, and administrators fear flu season will make it worse. And then there's the politics.
Just because you’re with people you know doesn’t mean you’re safe from the coronavirus.
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More states are adding mask mandates as COVID-19 cases soar. If you’re traveling, shopping or seeing friends and family in person, masks are a crucial protective measure.
Africa’s mainly informal economies are particularly vulnerable to the ravages of COVID-19.
The continued entrapment of African countries in the global circuit of capital and its proclivity to large scale accumulation imperils the ability of many to cope with the pandemic.
Antimicrobial resistance is a real threat.
In some countries there appear to be mismatches between lists of essential medicines and lists of registered medicines.
Ageing populations, changes in diet, physical inactivity and smoking are some of he drivers of strokes and heart disease.
A stroke often leads to the sudden onset of weakness involving the face, arm or leg, an inability to speak, difficulty walking or impaired vision. Strokes can cause death and irreversible disability.
Early diagnosis and treatment are key in the fight against HIV.
One of the main challenges remains that diagnostics and drugs for people suffering from advanced HIV aren't readily available. This group of people is vulnerable to deadly opportunistic infections.