Children and parents lined up for polio vaccines outside a Syracuse, New York school in 1961.
Public health experts know that schools are likely sites for the spread of disease, and laws tying school attendance to vaccination go back to the 1800s.
Several thousand protestors opposed to the COVID-19 vaccine march through the streets of midtown Manhattan in New York on Sept. 18, 2021.
Andrew Lichtenstein/Corbis News via Getty Images
A growing body of research shows that nutrition, sleep, exercise and a host of other lifestyle choices can help optimize the immune system. But they are no substitute for life-saving vaccines.
Intensive care physicians are yet again facing ICU bed and staff shortages as severe COVID-19 cases rise.
gorodenkoff/iStock via Getty Images Plus
A critical care doctor brings a frontlines perspective to the frustration of dealing firsthand with vaccine hesitancy and discusses the limitations of science and medicine.
Many individuals are rejecting the COVID-19 vaccines for personal reasons.
Mark Felix / AFP via Getty Images
America’s founders accepted the reality of human selfishness. But, they also said people were capable of thinking for the good of the whole, which is necessary for a free society.
By 1980, all U.S. states required immunization for school attendance. Ontario followed suit in 1982.
(AP Photo/Leo Correa)
The effects of Ontario’s compulsory school immunization show there are advantages and disadvantages of requiring vaccination.
South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, Deputy president David Mabuza, Health Minister Dr Zweli Mkhize visiting the Aspen Pharmacare sterile manufacturing facility.
Lulama Zenzile/Die Burger/Gallo Images via Getty Images
Vaccine manufacturing doesn’t come cheap. It depends heavily on support from developed countries. It also requires much more than relaxing intellectual property rights and a desire for vaccine equity.
Age and education level are the main factors associated with vaccine hesitancy. While this affects Māori and Pacific communities, basic access to health care and information is more important.
Empathetically exploring the positive motivations of people who are vaccine hesitant may help improve acceptance for COVID-19 vaccines and others.
From maternity wards to primary care, Canadian researchers are looking to find the positive motivations of vaccine hesitant people, whether they are new parents or other adults.
Roald Dahl with his wife Patricia Neal and children Olivia (right) Tessa, and Theo (in pram).
PA Images/Alamy Stock Photo
Roald Dahl’s daughter Olivia died of measles aged seven.
We’ve gone from a novel virus to several COVID-19 vaccines in less than a year. Here’s what we’ve learned from earlier vaccines to allow this to happen.
Over 1.4 million people have died from COVID-19 so far this year. How history memorializes them will reflect those we most value.
US monuments and memorials have overlooked frontline workers and people of color affected by past epidemics. Will we repeat history?
Apia harbour on the island of Upolu, Samoa, where the deadly influenza virus came ashore in 1918.
After recent suspected COVID-19 cases and with repatriation flights postponed, Samoa takes no chances.
The COVID-19 new normal might be here for quite some time.
SolStock/E+ via Getty Images
As ready as you are to be done with COVID-19, it’s not going anywhere soon. A historian of disease describes how once a pathogen emerges, it’s usually here to stay.
Getting children vaccinated can protect them and others from potentially deadly diseases.
BSIP/UIG via Getty Images
A pediatrician answers parents’ questions about catching up on missed childhood vaccinations and why that’s so important.
The federal government is fast-tracking some potential coronavirus vaccines currently in clinical trials.
AP Photo/Ted S. Warren
For a COVID-19 vaccine to stop the pandemic, a large percentage of the population will have to get vaccinated. A law professor explains how far government and employer vaccine mandates can legally go.
A child receives a vaccine against Ebola from a nurse in Goma on August 7, 2019.
AUGUSTIN WAMENYA/AFP via Getty Images
African governments should shift their attention to strengthening health systems so that they are better placed to respond to any pandemic.
Misha Jordaan/Gallo Images via Getty Images
The study of two hospitals was a first for researching the microbiology of the built environment in South Africa – a multi-disciplinary approach to understanding how to design healthier buildings.
Children at window of a building in Hillbrow, Johannesburg. Children will be vulnerable if vaccinations are postponed.
Photo by Marco Longari/AFP via Getty Images
South Africa could lose many children due to a measles outbreak which is completely preventable.
An elderly man at a social grant paypoint in South Africa after the COVID-19 lockdown. (Photo by MARCO LONGARI / AFP) ()
Photo by Marco Longari/AFP via Getty Images
South Africa must develop a comprehensive health and economic strategy if it is to stop the COVID-19 pandemic without causing long term socio-economic damage.
To how many others will one infected person spread the infection?
Bim/E+ via Getty Images
Epidemiologists want to quickly identify any emerging disease’s potential to spread far and wide. Dependent on a number of factors, this R0 number helps them figure that out and plan accordingly.