Mary Mallon, after being institutionalized on Brother Island in New York.
#TyphoidMary is shorthand today for those who defy social distancing orders. The real Typhoid Mary is perhaps the most prominent example in the US of the unknowing disease carrier.
A woman holds a baby in her arms as she sits on a bed under a mosquito net in the Koumassi district of Abidjan.
Sia Kambou/AFP via Getty Images
If not addressed, there will be many more deaths from malaria and other diseases, indirectly linked to COVID-19 disruptions.
On April 15, Finland’s foreign minister Pekka Haavisto (pictured in September 2019) announced on that his country would voluntarily increase its funding of the Wolrd Health Organization.
The world rightly expressed shock and dismay at Donald Trump's suspension of US funding for WHO. To respond, other governments, funders and citizens are urgently needed to fill the gap.
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus: at the helm of the WHO at a difficult time.
Salvatore Di Nolfi/EPA
The Trump administration has halted funding to the World Health Organization in the middle of the coronavirus pandemic. But what does it actually do with its budget?
Modern day research and clinical trials are highly regulated.
To refuse inclusion would prevent Africa’s researchers from being significant players in the universal fight against the virus.
Getty Images/Stock photo
The rapid sharing of research is so vital. In cases like the COVID-19 pandemic, it can save lives.
Municipal workers block the streets of the Medina neighbourhood of Dakar, Senegal, on March 22, 2020 as a bulldozer demolishes informal shops in an effort to stop the spread of the coronavirus.
(AP Photo/Sylvain Cherkaoui)
African countries face unique challenges in their efforts to limit the spread of COVID-19, but lessons learned in other regions where the coronavirus has already peaked may be helpful.
This pandemic could have adverse effects on pregnant women.
Measures put in place to curb the spread of COVID-19 may worsen the already poor access to quality maternal health services in parts of the continent.
A man being tested as he takes part in an ophthalmological study and examination.
Tony Karumba/AFP via Getty Images
Knowing genetic associations in specific populations will make it possible to focus prevention and treatment on those who will benefit most, sparing expense and side effects from those who will not.
Discolored water can be caused by heavy metals, such as iron or copper. Iron can also act as a nutrient for organisms to grow in the pipes.
Kyungyeon Ra/Purdue University
Office buildings have been left mostly empty for weeks amid the coronavirus pandemic, leaving standing water in pipes where harmful organisms can grow. What happens when those buildings reopen?
There's no guarantee a coronavirus vaccine will arrive, so we need research to understand the best ways to use facemasks, hand hygiene, and other interventions to control the spread of the disease
We must figure out how to scale the lockdown up and down as needed – possibly several times. We might need to locally switch areas on and off – not the whole country – to deal with isolated outbreaks.
A food market in Ibafo in Nigeria’s Ogun State. The effects of COVID-19 on food systems will be keenly felt in poorer countries.
Photo by Olukayode Jaiyeola/NurPhoto via Getty Images
The potential exists for malnutrition to exacerbate the health consequences of the COVID-19 epidemic.
Shops in Ogba, Lagos, Nigeria locked due to a total lockdown announced by the government.
Photo by Adekunle Ajayi/NurPhoto via Getty Images
As Africa battles to contain the spread of Coronavirus and limit its impact on the economy, it is imperative that such efforts are driven by local realities.
In Mozambique’s urban settlements a lockdown might be feasible for a short period of time.
When restricting the movement of their citizens to slow down the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, low income countries should tailor measures to local socio-economic circumstances.
Representational image of an older person receiving treatment.
It is not surprising that being unhealthy makes you more vulnerable to COVID-19 infection. But what may worry you is just how many Americans are in this high-risk group.
An illegal Zimbawean immigrant crosses into South Africa.
Borders in southern Africa -- as on the entire continent -- were arbitrarily imposed by former colonial powers, and aren't respected.
Collaboration is crucial for scientists to tackle the COVID-19 epidemic.
A crisis like COVID-19 demands that professional barriers be broken.
A young school boy running past a mural in Soweto, South Africa.
Attempting to defeat these folk theories with science achieved little; the myth busters of the AIDS epidemic were talking past those they were trying to convince.
Children at window of a building in Hillbrow, Johannesburg. Children will be vulnerable if vaccinations are postponed.
Photo by Marco Longari/AFP via Getty Images
South Africa could lose many children due to a measles outbreak which is completely preventable.