Our ancestors’ environment and diets, and the limits of our biology, have led to adaptations that have improved human survival through natural selection. But we remain prone to illness and disease anyway.
Evolutionary medicine uses our ancestral history to explain disease prevalence and inform care for conditions like Type 2 diabetes. It also challenges the bio-ethnocentrism of western medicine.
Unequal access to preventive resources such as healthy foods, a family doctor, health screening and health promotion programs put some groups at increased risk for chronic illness.
While the pandemic has focused the world’s attention on how to prevent infectious disease, many of the lessons learned from COVID-19 prevention can also be applied to chronic disease prevention.
Diabetes is a leading cause of death in the country.
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In 2019, 89,834 people died of diabetes. This number exceeds the capacity of Soccer City, the biggest football stadium in South Africa.
A person’s resting metabolism is very sensitive to temperature, and offices are often too cold for people.
Going back to work at an office? An expert explains how the relatively cool temperature many offices are kept at may affect your body – and your health.
Governments must take urgent action to prevent noncommunicable diseases from becoming an uncontrollable epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Sugar-sweetened beverage taxation offers a potential solution.
Appropriately designed taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages would result in proportional reductions in consumption.
Without reliable, local and timely data, countries will miss the potential of sugar-sweetened beverage taxation as a public health intervention.
Rwanda's food policies focus on production to make sure people have livelihoods and enough nutritious food. Not much attention is given to overnutrition.
Tension between the government’s economic and public health priorities is preventing stronger fiscal measures to address nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases.
The consumption of a lot of soft drinks is linked to increased obesity.
Between 2018 and 2019 Kenya registered a 30% spike in sugar production and an increase in sugar consumption.
Diabetes is a growing public health burden.
To stem the rise in diabetes, new and innovative methods of risk assessment must be implemented, specific to populations on the continent.
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The results are in: South Africa’s ground-breaking health promotion levy, introduced in 2018, is working.
A water bottle sits on the table in front of Chief and NDP candidate Rudy Turtle during a visit by NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh on Oct. 5, 2019 on the Grassy Narrows First Nation, where industrial mercury poisoning in its water system has seriously affected the health of the community.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Paul Chiasson
A tax on sugar-sweetened beverages may be intended to improve health, but for Indigenous consumers, such a tax would be unethical, contravene tax law and undermine Indigenous rights.
Fast food is growing in popularity with Ghanaians.
Ghanaian consumption patterns towards fast food are evolving.
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Latest meta-analysis shows weight loss is the most important factor in achieving remission.
Weight loss is often recommended to type 2 diabetes patients.
'One-size-fits-all' weight loss advice could be inadvertently harmful to some patients.
Care for patients with more than one disease is fragmented and uncoordinated. This is can cost patients time, effort and lost wages.
Nurses are the backbone of the health system.
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Healthcare providers and governments must recognise the need to invest in diabetes nurse education and training.
The rapid rise in diabetes mustn't be overlooked, as it could have devastating health and economic effects. Most national health systems are already struggling with infectious diseases.
In some cases, women are left without food or anywhere to live for the duration of their pregnancy.
Regular testing can mean potentially fatal diseases can be picked up and treated early.