Fossils contain a thriving world of bacteria, proteins and perhaps even organic matter from dinosaurs.
Remains found in the Joggins Cliffs at the Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia reveal further clues about ancient ecosystems.
A new study shows the enigmatic hominin species Australopithecus africanus may have breastfed young for around 5-6 years – a very costly practice for the mother.
While the science is crucial, it is also important to know what sense the people who live in and around Laetoli make of these ancient footprints.
An Australian company's plan to mine a fossil-rich site in New Zealand to produce pig food has been described as unjustifiable vandalism. A campaign is under way to protect the site in perpetuity.
There is evidence to show this monster of the ancient sea was a cannibal, feeding on its own kind.
The discovery of a fungus fossil is pushing back the origin of these ancient organisms and rewriting what we know about evolution and the tree of life.
Our flippered friends evolved from small, hooved deer-like creatures more than 50m years ago.
The discovery of a fossilised large predator is a rare event that offers insight into these beasts from the past.
A series of new studies sheds light on the population crash and extinction of the giant birds, lemurs and more that roamed the island until around A.D. 700-1000.
Exceptionally well preserved 500m year old fossils show Cambrian seas were more diverse than scientists had thought.
Using the family relationships between single-celled protists alive today, researchers hypothesized what their evolutionary ancestors looked like – and then looked in the fossil record for matches.
It's often said you need to look to the past to learn about the future, and that's what the fossil record can tell about how the Tasmanian Devil survived in the past on mainland Australia.
Trackways made by vertebrates during the Pleistocene era, dating back to between 36 000 and 140 000 years helps with research into ancient animals.
Geomythology can be a powerful way to inspire more people on the continent to become interested in Africa's palaeoscience.
Thanks to hundreds of fossil remains found in Africa studies can explore new scenarios about how our ancestors lived and evolved.
Five major finds this year adds to our understanding of evolution and ancient life history.
Our research shows that, millions of years from now, fossilised chicken bones will mark the era of human domination.
South Africa's fossils can step out of the shadows of being undated and undateable.
A record of sea-level change from 400 million years ago in South Africa, reveals how ecosystems and environments collapsed at the South Pole.