Sardines from the cold waters off South Africa’s Atlantic coast are attracted to cold water upwelling in the Indian Ocean. When the upwelling ends, they are trapped in water that is too warm for them.
Out of the last six years in Madagascar, five years have had poor or very bad rainy seasons.
How colonial Customs protocols shaped copyright and censorship.
Land-falling tropical cyclones are rare in Tanzania so past events are outside the memory of most.
Scientists watched in real time as rising ocean heat transformed the sprawling reef. It was a harbinger for ecosystems everywhere as the planet warms.
Oceans 21 is a Conversation international series examining the history and future of the world’s ocean.
Marine wildlife rarely remain in one habitat. Most species rely on a healthy network of ecosystems to raise their young and catch their food.
After the oil spill, the usual sight of families strolling by the sea was quickly replaced by volunteers working hard in a concerted effort to protect their coast.
Between 1986 and 2016, Kenya lost about 21 of its seagrasses.
The Indian Ocean provides a new way of looking at world history that has been dominated by European accounts.
Unless we know what is in the ocean, we can’t protect the biggest part of the planet.
The absence of climate drivers – specifically, the Indian Ocean Dipole and La Niña – explains why Australia has gone so long without heavy rains.
Malawi must change its diplomatic approach and align its national interests with Mozambique’s
As storm directions change, countries that are outside the usual tropical storm zones need to ready themselves.
The Southern Ocean, as artists have uncovered, is also a treasure trove of cultural narratives.
While the other members of the Sirenia are found in the Atlantic, the dugong is the only sea cow found in the Indian Ocean and south-western Pacific. This highlights its deep African connections.
A significant change in political mentality is required to shore up one of Africa’s leading lights.
The spate of high intensity tropical cyclones making landfall in Southern Africa has been tied to very warm sea surface temperatures.
Much of the devastation of our globe’s natural resources traces its origins to early colonialism. These relationships continue to define the extraction of resources that severely impact ecosystems.
Data from hydrophones in the Indian ocean has raised new questions about what happened to MH370.