A still from Rafiki, a film by Wanuri Kahiu, Kenya (2018)
Rafiki/Big World Cinema
Discussions about the films on social media and online forums show that African queer lives are complex and don’t tell a single story.
Detail from the cover of Lagoon, a novel by Nnedi Okorafor.
© Joey Hi-Fi/Hodder & Stoughton
Aliens arrive in Lagos in Nnedi Okorafor’s celebrated sci-fi novel Lagoon – and with them they bring a future free of restrictive gender norms.
Big World Cinema/Afrobubblegum
It wasn’t just the film Rafiki - a joyful lesbian love story - but also the experience of going to watch it after it was unbanned that created a new kind of freedom.
Despite same-sex relations being criminal, social media is a space to come out and speak back to homophobia for the Nigerian tweeters in the study.
Slave memorial in Zanzibar.
Eye Ubiquitous/Universal Images Group via Getty Images
Black Lives Matter brings the slavery story into the present in America – but it leaves Africa stuck in the past.
Alon Skuy/Sunday Times/Gallo Images/Getty Images
The artist’s body of work, through its very public focus on queer masculinity, offers alternative ways of thinking about what being a man is.
Author Akwaeke Emezi.
Despite Nigeria’s draconian laws against homosexuality, authors like the award-winning Akwaekwe Emezi are important new voices that add complexity to the question of identity.
Robert Tshabalala/Business Day/Gallo Images/Getty Images
Desmond Tutu is by far the most high-profile African, if not global, religious leader to support lesbian and gay rights, and he has done so since the 1970s.
Homosexuality is criminalised in Morocco, and LGBTI people struggle to imagine a life of visibility and freedom.
Morocco’s law combines with a strongly conservative society to create a real sense of danger among LGBTIQ people.
A sign at a march in Soweto, South Africa, shows just how important social support is for lesbians.
Family support, being valued in their own homes and enjoying strong support from their social structures helped instill lesbians in a conservative South African province with a strong sense of self.
Personal freedoms and self-expression have come under attack.
Nana Akufo-Addo with the Sword of Authority as he is sworn in as Ghana’s 5th president in Accra.
Until African political systems become less majoritarian and do a better job of protecting the rights of minorities, the true benefits of a democratic government are unlikely to be realised.
Education and awareness about gender identity and sexual orientation are crucial.
Many people use religion and culture as explanations for their homophobic attitudes.
Teachers need support and education so they can discuss and promote sexuality equality.
Sexual equality should not be mere letters and words in laws. Rather, people - in this case student teachers - must understand sexual equality as a lived reality.
People take to the street to celebrate the annulment of an anti-homosexuality law by Uganda’s constitutional court in Entebbe last year.The law was signed by the east African country’s President Yoweri Museveni earlier.
South Africa, whose constitution protects gay rights, is well positioned to defend the continent’s LGBTI citizens. But it is reluctant to take positions at odds with the majority of African states.
Some students say they are too frightened to bring a same-sex partner back to their residence.
How do lesbian, bisexual and gay students experience life in a South African university residence? Sadly, with a great deal of fear.
Uganda has come under pressure over its anti-homosexual laws.
For more than a century there has been tension between the ideas that our sexuality is essential, and the idea that we have the potential to act out a far greater range of sexual desires and identities than we do in practice.
A wide diversity of sexuality is normal – and fun.
Mate choice is one of the most highly selected traits in any animal. Just ask a fruitfly, which devotes a large share of its genes to choosing and attracting a mate.
Activists attend Uganda’s first gay pride parade at the Entebbe Botanical Gardens in Kampala, Uganda, in August 2012.
Science shows that thinking about sexuality in a binary fashion of hetero/homosexual is no longer accurate. Rather, evidence shows that there is a diversity of human sexuality and sexual orientations.
Sexual orientation is more complicated than X and Y chromosome. Epigenetics has a greater role to play.
Scientific evidence shows that same-sex orientation is determined before you are born.