Central to the DRC’s politics is a broken relationship between the seat of government in Kinshasa and underrepresented groups in the eastern region.
A comprehensive strategy does not seem to be an immediate priority for Congolese authorities with an eye on elections.
The region’s forces are seen as important in addressing the long-running conflict in the DRC – but their involvement is complicated.
Insecurity, especially in the DRC’s South Kivu, is considered a serious threat by Burundi’s army.
There are advantages to a regional force overseen by the East African Community – particularly as the bloc is leading new political talks.
Consolidating peace efforts across the vast territory has proved difficult for close to three decades. Scholars explain why.
Violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo is used to win a place in government, not to overthrow it. And it keeps working.
Protests are likely to continue over the coming months, particularly in the run-up to the Congo presidential elections next year.
The UN mission is being held responsible for something the Congolese state should be doing.
The Southern African Development Community does not have a remarkable record of military interventions in civil conflicts in the region.
Intervention in Cabo Delgado is a potentially dangerous move with far-reaching consequences for SADC if its efforts fail, or it becomes a protracted intervention.
The independent strategic review, now before the Security Council, recognises many of the challenges ahead. But it appears overly sanguine about what can be achieved within a three-year period.
The Democratic Republic of Congo desperately needs a peaceful election but with the UN threatening to scale back its DRC mission, the likelihood of a successful poll is being threatened