Sewage testing can be used for early detection of disease.
Identifying the emergence of a disease often relies on sick people seeking medical help. Wastewater monitoring can identify pathogens days or weeks earlier.
Vaccination rates may be tied to rates of COVID-19.
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A COVID-19 vaccine isn't the only tool for fighting this pandemic. An immunologist argues that safe pneumonia vaccines would reduce the severity of COVID-19, save lives and prevent the worst cases.
Chicago students doing broadcasted ‘radio school’ lessons in 1937.
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This isn't the first time America's schoolchildren have studied remotely – and Chicago's 1937 'radio school' experiment shows how technology can fill the gap during a crisis.
Polio patient in an iron lung to help them breathe.
Public trust is key to a successful immunisation programme.
Dr. Jonas Salk, left, developed the first effective polio vaccine.
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A tragic error showed how complicated it can be to distribute vaccines on a mass scale.
Ontario schools plan to reopen after being closed since March 14, 2020.
The coronavirus pandemic isn't the first time an illness has disrupted schooling. In 1937, Toronto schools delayed re-opening for six weeks in response to the polio epidemic.
President and Mrs. Roosevelt enjoying after-luncheon conversation with patients of the Warm Springs Foundation.
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s personal battle with polio, and his steady hand while overseeing a national eradication campaign, highlights decisive leadership against a virus that terrified America.
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus: at the helm of the WHO at a difficult time.
Salvatore Di Nolfi/EPA
The Trump administration has halted funding to the World Health Organization in the middle of the coronavirus pandemic. But what does it actually do with its budget?
An emergency polio ward in Boston in 1955 equipped with iron lungs. These pressurized respirators acted as breathing muscles for polio victims, often children, who were paralyzed.
Polio was nearly eradicated with the Salk vaccine in 1955. At the time, little was known about this mysterious disease that paralyzed and sometimes killed young children.
A Nigerian child receives a dose of the polio vaccine.
Now is not the time to ease up the prevention effort, or decades of progress could be undone.
Innovative efforts have been put in place to reach populations in partially and totally inaccessible parts of Borno state.
Ending the Boko Haram insurgency is the last hurdle in Nigeria's race against polio
The oral polio vaccine is most commonly used in the developing world, despite one big problem.
CDC/Alan Janssen, MSPH
A challenge in eradicating polio comes from a version of the vaccine itself, which relies on live but attenuated virus. Rationally designing a new vaccine could help get rid of polio once and for all.
There is no cure for polio, and the vaccine remains the most effective way to combat the disease.
The polio vaccination successfully eradicated the disease in Canada. Can the same happen with other diseases?
Personalised medicine aims to tailor treatment according to each person’s genetic makeup.
Gene sequences can be manipulated to prevent certain diseases and improve public health.
Illustrative image of virus associated with acute flaccid myelitis.
A polio-like virus has afflicted more than 500 children in the US in the past five years. A doctor who has treated children with the disease explains the symptoms.
Lots of positive pregnancy tests this time of year.
Did you ever consider that human beings might have a breeding season? Birth seasonality exists – and has interesting implications for childhood disease outbreaks.
Nigerian children receiving the polio vaccine in Lagos.
The global target to eradicate polio is being missed because a number of countries are struggling to reach high vaccine coverage.
Monitoring sewage for virus allows for a quick public health response if any polio is detected.
AP Photo/Matt Rourke
Polio can be circulating through a community long before anyone is paralyzed. Monitoring sewage for the virus lets public health officials short-circuit this 'silent transmission.'
Vaccinations have saved countless lives and untold suffering, even though many adults still believe vaccines are bad for their children.
Vaccines have long been considered safe, but many people still believe they are not. A new study shows that people who think they know more than medical experts are more likely to believe that vaccine are not safe.
What will it take to finish polio off in the last three countries where it persists?
AP Photo/B.K. Bangash
Pakistan had only eight new diagnoses of polio in 2017. The virus' days look numbered – but health workers have their work cut out for them to eradicate the devastating disease once and for all.