Plague sufferers being disinfected in Karachi, 1897.
Racism against fellow Indians and classism against the poor characterised India's early response to coronavirus, that is reminiscent of British imperial public health policies.
Room lights in a hotel form the shape of a heart in Jakarta on April 25 2020. The lights were turned on as a symbol of support, gratitude and love for medical workers on the front line of handling the COVD-19 pandemic.
Rifqi Riyanto/INA Photo Agency/Sipa USA/AAP
Democracies such as the United States, Italy and Spain, as well as Indonesia, have so far failed to control the spread of the virus.
Anthony Fauci, left, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, speaks with Robert Redfield, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, before testifying at a congressional hearing in March. Fauci has had a higher public profile during the coronavirus pandemic.
(AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Those who work in the background to keep everyone healthy — public health nurses, health inspectors, laboratory techs and epidemiologists — deserve recognition in the fight against COVID-19.
A member of the Nigerian Health Task Force fumigates a building in Abuja, Nigeria, as the city struggles to curb the spread of coronavirus.
COVID-19 Photo by Kola Sulaimon/AFP via Getty Images
Africa's leaders need to implement COVID-19 policies that protects African economies from the health crisis.
A member of the South African National Defence Force hands out pamphlets informing township residents about COVID-19 in Johannesburg.
Ubuntu provides a language for people to participate in preventive action, even if this involves practices such as lockdowns.
Stock photo gettyimages
South Africa is taking seriously concerns about the risks that monitoring can pose for human rights. But there are still loopholes.
The flu vaccine will not protect you from getting COVID-19. But it will help avoid unnecessary doctors' visits and protect vulnerable groups from potentially more severe disease.
For the first time since the end of apartheid in 1994, citizens have had to accept stringent restrictions on their normal civil liberties.
One of the first babies born on 1 January 2020 in Lagos, Nigeria.
Olukayode Jaiyeola/NurPhoto via Getty Images
Unfortunately, disrespectful and neglectful treatment of women during childbirth, including verbal, physical and emotional abuse is not uncommon.
Mary Mallon, after being institutionalized on Brother Island in New York.
#TyphoidMary is shorthand today for those who defy social distancing orders. The real Typhoid Mary is perhaps the most prominent example in the US of the unknowing disease carrier.
A woman holds a baby in her arms as she sits on a bed under a mosquito net in the Koumassi district of Abidjan.
Sia Kambou/AFP via Getty Images
If not addressed, there will be many more deaths from malaria and other diseases, indirectly linked to COVID-19 disruptions.
On April 15, Finland’s foreign minister Pekka Haavisto (pictured in September 2019) announced on that his country would voluntarily increase its funding of the Wolrd Health Organization.
The world rightly expressed shock and dismay at Donald Trump's suspension of US funding for WHO. To respond, other governments, funders and citizens are urgently needed to fill the gap.
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus: at the helm of the WHO at a difficult time.
Salvatore Di Nolfi/EPA
The Trump administration has halted funding to the World Health Organization in the middle of the coronavirus pandemic. But what does it actually do with its budget?
Modern day research and clinical trials are highly regulated.
To refuse inclusion would prevent Africa’s researchers from being significant players in the universal fight against the virus.
Getty Images/Stock photo
The rapid sharing of research is so vital. In cases like the COVID-19 pandemic, it can save lives.
Municipal workers block the streets of the Medina neighbourhood of Dakar, Senegal, on March 22, 2020 as a bulldozer demolishes informal shops in an effort to stop the spread of the coronavirus.
(AP Photo/Sylvain Cherkaoui)
African countries face unique challenges in their efforts to limit the spread of COVID-19, but lessons learned in other regions where the coronavirus has already peaked may be helpful.
This pandemic could have adverse effects on pregnant women.
Measures put in place to curb the spread of COVID-19 may worsen the already poor access to quality maternal health services in parts of the continent.
A man being tested as he takes part in an ophthalmological study and examination.
Tony Karumba/AFP via Getty Images
Knowing genetic associations in specific populations will make it possible to focus prevention and treatment on those who will benefit most, sparing expense and side effects from those who will not.
Discolored water can be caused by heavy metals, such as iron or copper. Iron can also act as a nutrient for organisms to grow in the pipes.
Kyungyeon Ra/Purdue University
Office buildings have been left mostly empty for weeks amid the coronavirus pandemic, leaving standing water in pipes where harmful organisms can grow. What happens when those buildings reopen?
There's no guarantee a coronavirus vaccine will arrive, so we need research to understand the best ways to use facemasks, hand hygiene, and other interventions to control the spread of the disease