JCF Johnson’s, Euchre in the bush, circa 1867, depicts a card game in a hut on the Victorian goldfields in the 1860s. Oil on canvas mounted on board, 42.0 x 60.2 cm. Courtesy of the Art Gallery of Ballarat

How gold rushes helped make the modern world

The discovery of gold in California 170 years ago was a turning point in global history. The gold rushes are not mere historic footnotes – they continue to influence the world in which we live today.
The city’s poorest residents, living on the most marginal land, experience higher exposure to flooding and poorer-quality water. Bagus Indahono/AAP

Why the rich in Jakarta have better access to water than the poor – it’s not the piped network

While it is true that the poorest residents of the city are not connected to the piped water network, neither are the richest. Then what causes water inequalities?
Workers at Fukushima in January 2018. Behrouz Mehri/AFP

Fukushima seven years later: case closed?

On March 11, 2011, a nuclear disaster struck Japan. Translated testimony by the power plant's manager reveals how close the world came to a greater catastrophe -- and how much there is to be learned.
Increasing prices to levels that reflect the costs of production sends a signal that electricity is a valuable commodity. www.shutterstock.com

Indonesia’s electricity subsidy reforms led to improved efficiency

Indonesia will freeze electricity prices until the end of 2019, a presidential election year. Research shows that earlier cuts to electricity subsidies led to improved efficiency in electricity use.

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