Protesters demand the freedom of the Sahrawi population.
Jesus Merida/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images
Long considered a frozen conflict, the Western Sahara dispute roared back to life in late 2020, reviving old wounds and inflicting fresh ones.
Two men speak in the backyard of a house damaged by a Russian airstrike, according to locals, in Gorenka, Ukraine, March 2, 2022.
AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda
Over centuries, theory on just war has developed six main criteria for assessing conflicts.
A man waves a Libyan flag as a fighter jet flies by Zueitina oil terminal in 2016.
Abdullah Doma/AFP via Getty Images
Whether or not elections will be able to seal the breach in the Libyan polity remains an open question.
In this rare photograph taken in 2000, prisoners at the Ferguson Unit in Texas are seen working in the prison’s cotton fields.
Photo by Andrew Lichtenstein/Corbis via Getty Images
The 13th Amendment is given credit for freeing an estimated 4 million enslaved people during the Civil War era. It also enabled a prison system of free labor and involuntary servitude.
A demonstration in support of the Sahrawi people’s rights.
Fermin Rodriguez/NurPhoto via Getty Images
If a negotiated agreement is ever found, it is most likely to fall within the realm of free association rather than outright independence or integration in Morocco.
Imagen de la nueva serie de Alejandro Amenábar, ‘La Fortuna’.
La nueva serie de Alejandro Amenábar, ‘La Fortuna’, se inspira en el caso real de la fragata La Mercedes. ¿Qué ocurre cuando alguien sin interés arqueológico descubre tesoros en el fondo del mar?
Many grassroots Black Lives Matter activists are demanding more accountability and transparency from the movement’s increasingly centralized and well-funded leadership.
Tayfun Coskun/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images
Like many social movements before it that began at the grassroots, Black Lives Matter is becoming a more conventional organization with top-down leadership.
Lors de la Journée nationale des réparations à Washington, le 1er juillet 2019.
Alex Wong/Getty Images North America/Getty Images via AFP
Aux États-Unis, la Chambre des représentants recommande la création d’une commission sur les réparations à verser aux descendants d’esclaves. Se tourner vers l’Afrique peut indiquer une voie à suivre.
Activists mark National Reparations Day in Washington, D.C., on July 1, 2019.
Alex Wong/Getty Images
As the US debates reparations for descendants of slavery, cases in Africa help illustrate the limits of programs focused solely in financial restitution.
Survivors of the violence in Benishangul-Gumuz gather in a circle at a displaced persons camp in Chagni, Ethiopia in December 2020.
It’s a confluence of local, regional, national and, possibly, foreign interests.
A demonstrator stands with a sign reading: “Demands: sack the local authority, disarm militias, protect citizens, cattle, and farmland, and end friction between farmers and shepherds”, during a protest in Central Darfur.
Ashraf Shazly/AFP via Getty Images
The root causes of the ongoing conflict in Darfur are rising to the surface amid an influx of arms from Libya.
The peace process is at an impasse in Libya’s protracted civil conflict.
Hazem Turkia/Anadolu via Getty Images
The peace process has unfolded in fits and starts, and thus far there doesn’t seem to be a light at the end of the tunnel.
Sudanese protesting against the conflict in Darfur.
Ousted president Omar al-Bashir could face the International Criminal Court for his role in Sudan’s clampdown on the non-Arab people of Darfur.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel speaks with Russian President Vladimir Putin during the International Libya Conference in Berlin, Germany, 19 January 2020.
Can the key external enablers of Libya’s conflict also be peacemakers?
Sudan’s Rapid Support Forces evolved from the Janjaweed militia that once terrorised the people of Darfur.
The Janjaweed militia first came into play when Omar al-Bashir’s government deployed it in Darfur
Militants stand on gun-mounted vehicles as they prepare to move to the frontline to join forces loyal to the UN-backed unity government, in Tripoli.
A serious concern is the possibility of a long, drawn-out siege of Libya’s capital, Tripoli.
Libya’s last election was in 2014.
Libya’s proposed elections and any subsequent interim government will fail if the country’s challenges aren’t addressed.
‘Alcibiades on his Knees Before his Mistress’ by Lagrenee.
A classics professor writes that Trump’s raucous campaign style is nothing new. He introduces us to a chariot-racing statesman from ancient Athens who may have given Trump a run for his money.
Rwanda has no succession plan to President Paul Kagame.
The reality of Rwanda is that there is no viable alternative to President Paul Kagame, within or outside his ruling RPF. Political rivals have died, are jailed, or have fled the country.
Socialists: please raise your hand.
Vast majorities of Americans espouse “socialist” views, which has helped propel Bernie Sanders in the polls. Yet our system of campaign finance makes it next to impossible for him to win.