Many women in South Africa still don’t have access to safe toilets.
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Studies globally have made the link between the lack of adequate sanitation, particularly open defecation or shared community toilet facilities, and the increased risk of women and girls being raped.
People exercising in Ellis Park in Johannesburg, South Africa.
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South Africa faces high levels of noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. The NHI is likely to battle to cope with treating large numbers of sick people.
A volunteer receives an injection from a medical worker during the country’s first human clinical trial for a potential vaccine against COVID-19 in Soweto, South Africa.
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In a pandemic like this one, the priority is to save lives. But without a vaccine, there's a limit in the tools available to save lives.
A couple taking in the view from Table Mountain, Cape Town.
Too much ultraviolet radiation is dangerous for human health. Excessive exposure can cause skin ageing and sunburn and can induce melanoma, cataracts, ocular melanoma, and immunodeficiency.
A member of the South African National Defence Force hands out pamphlets informing township residents about COVID-19 in Johannesburg.
Ubuntu provides a language for people to participate in preventive action, even if this involves practices such as lockdowns.
Scientists are better equipped to do ground-breaking research.
Africa is better prepared now to perform research in emerging infections than during the Ebola epidemics in West Africa.
The health and rights of children and adolescents, particularly the most marginalised and vulnerable, are under immediate threat from climate change, corporate actors and growing inequities.
A typical informal settlement in South Africa.
Two interventions proved effective in reducing men's perpetration, but not women's experiences of violence.
South Africa’s deep structural poverty is part of the explanation for injuries to children.
The causes of injuries to children are often linked to the circumstances in which people live.
Africa is home to 92% of malaria cases and 93% of malaria deaths.
The aim is to discover, develop and facilitate delivery of anti-malarial medicines to help tackle the burden of malaria in endemic countries and support malaria eradication.
David Sanders was an inspiring teacher for many students.
University of the Western Cape
Sanders was not afraid to challenge and speak out about sensitive and difficult issues, to people in senior positions of power - and when he did, they sat up and listened.
A closer look at men in South Africa reveals a very complicated picture.
Poverty, traumatic experiences, and gender inequalities, directly increased HIV-risk behaviours such as having unprotected sex and having multiple sexual partners.
Countries can be better prepared and respond faster to disease outbreaks if public health data is shared more freely.
Sharing data openly across regions and organisations can help to accelerate preparedness and responses to public health emergencies.
Researchers around the world are working hard to find a vaccine that is safe and effective.
Environmental health practitioners promote health, safety and well-being.
South Africa's environmental health workers play a vital role in helping communities respond to climate change.
Religiosity is thought to influence positive health outcomes or behaviours.
Religiosity has been associated with lower alcohol, drug use and risky sexual behaviours in young people in the Western Cape.
Global evidence suggests that alcohol advertisements increase adolescents’ favourable attitudes towards drinking.
Easy access to alcohol and exposure to alcohol advertisements affect social and health outcomes.
Because of its size, Nigeria has the potential to boost the global anti-tobacco movement.
The National Tobacco Control Act gives the tobacco industry inside access to the decision making process.
While women in sub-Saharan Africa live longer than men, many of these extra years are lived in poor health.
Data suggest that people are living many years in poor health in Africa.
The life expectancy improvements in sub-Saharan Africa vary between men and women.
The leading causes of death in sub-Saharan Africa for adults 15 to 49 years were AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, maternal disorders, and road injuries.