More than 2.4 million older adults are supported each year by Meals on Wheels, an initiative through which seniors and people with disabilities receive healthy and tasty meals, often for free, from a network of volunteers. These efforts are usually organized through local senior centers and other community organizations across the U.S. In many cases, these 5,000 local programs encourage the people who receive meals to cover at least part of the cost, if that’s within their means.
Services like this nonprofit meal delivery program, for which eligibility begins at age 60 with a few exceptions, are becoming more important than ever before. About 5.3 million people 60 and up, 7.3% of all Americans in that age group, experienced food insecurity in 2018 – meaning that their households couldn’t acquire adequate food because they lacked enough money and other resources.
What’s more, the U.S. population is aging. The number of Americans who are 65 and up grew by one-third over the past decade, to 54 million people.
And, a growing share of the 1 in 6 Americans who are in that demographic group wish to age in place. That is, regardless of how ill or frail they are, they want to stay in their own homes, instead of going to a nursing home or assisted living facility.
No matter where folks live as they age, ailments and physical challenges will almost surely crop up. Those health problems will make getting out and about more difficult, and it will be increasingly hard for them to shop for food, cook meals and even feed themselves.
Daily Meals on Wheels deliveries also make a difference in ways unrelated to nutrition. According to gerontology and health services research Kali Thomas conducted and Meals on Wheels America commissioned, seniors who got hot meals delivered became less concerned about being able to continue living in their own homes. They also felt less isolated and lonely compared to those who received frozen meals, delivered once a week in bulk, or people who received none at all.
Despite those findings, as the COVID-19 pandemic set in, Meals on Wheels volunteers made needed adjustments. They began to drop off more meals at a time, sometimes in multi-week bundles. Rather than speaking with the people receiving food and companionship in person, some agency volunteers made phone calls to connect with them.
In some parts of the country, such as Rowan, North Carolina and Longmont, Colorado, Meals on Wheels saw demand for its deliveries rise. This probably occurred because even older adults who are able to do their own errands were newly homebound due to concerns about the coronavirus, which disproportionately kills elderly people.
Often, volunteer visits are the only in-person interaction a program participant will have that day.
With the majority of older adults in the U.S. now vaccinated against COVID-19, Meals on Wheels volunteers are resuming their traditional social contact. In my view, this is welcome news.
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The first paragraph of this article was updated to clarify that Meals on Wheels programs may, in some circumstances, serve people under 60 years old.