Current research focuses on neuromuscular control in clinical and athletic populations. This has involved establishing neuromuscular recruitment strategies in people with Multiple Sclerosis and heart disease patients before and during rehabilitation programmes. Similar neuromuscular tests funded by UK Sport have also been used on elite athletes during strength training programmes to help determine the level of fatigue occurred. More recently research has been done examining the effects of sub concussive impacts on cortico-spinal excitability. Also, commercial based work has led to research on topical medicines for treating soft tissue injury. Many of these areas of work are continuing with some in collaboration with Universities of Northumbria, Cape Town and College Dublin and governing bodies such as sportscotland Institute of Sport and UK Sport. Most of these collaborations have resulted in publication of peer reviewed academic journal papers.