Christian Stöcker, PhD, studied psychology in Würzburg and Bristol, receiving his doctorate in cognitive psychology in 2003. He then studied cultural criticism at the Bavarian Theater Academy in Munich while simultaneously writing as a freelancer for the Süddeutsche Zeitung and Die Zeit newspapers and for the SPIEGEL ONLINE, Germany’s largest non-tabloid newssite. He has been writing for the Science and Web sections at SPIEGEL ONLINE since 2005. In 2011 he became head of the site’s Web, Tech and Media section. He has been a professor of digital communication at the Hamburg University of Applied Sciences since 2016. He's involved in a joint research project into the discovery of and defense against online propaganda (www.propstop.de). He also writes a weekly column for SPIEGEL ONLINE (http://www.spiegel.de/thema/spon_der_rationalist/).