Menu Close

Christiane Gruber

Professor of Islamic Art, University of Michigan

Christiane Gruber is Professor of Islamic Art and former Chair in the History of Art Department at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; she is also Founding Director of Khamseen: Islamic Art History Online. The recipient of a prestigious Guggenheim Award and contributor to Newsweek, her scholarly work explores figural representation, depictions of the Prophet Muhammad, and ascension texts and images in Islamic traditions, about which she has written three books and edited half a dozen volumes. She also pursues research in Islamic book arts, codicology, and paleography as well as modern and contemporary visual and material culture. Her most recent publications include her single authored book "The Praiseworthy One: The Prophet Muhammad in Islamic Texts and Images" and her edited volume "The Image Debate: Figural Representation in Islam and Across the World," both published in 2019. Her publications can be accessed at:


  • –present
    Professor of Islamic Art, University of Michigan


  • 2005 
    University of Pennsylvania, PhD