Kaufman's research examines aspects of modern marriage, parenting and family, with a particular focus on fathers. She has published more than 30 peer-reviewed articles in sociology, family studies and gender studies journals. Her book Superdads: How Fathers Balance Work and Family in the 21st Century focuses on fathers who adjust their work lives to suit their families. My research has been featured in articles in the Wall Street Journal, The Globe and Mail, Washingtonian, Esquire, and other online outlets.
Her more recent research focuses on gender and families in Japan, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. In 2012 I was a Fulbright Scholar at Leicester University in the U.K., where I taught a course on gender, work and family, and conducted research on the U.K.'s Additional Paternity Leave policy. I have also been a visiting scholar at the University of Cambridge in the U.K. and Umeå University in Sweden.