Dr. Prime's research program uses a family-based approach to understanding cognitive and socio-emotional development in young children. Throughout her research, Dr. Prime emphasizes the importance of family relationships as a key mechanism through which risk and/or resilience is transmitted in families. She considers contextual environments that may expose children to risk, such as socioeconomic disadvantage and early adverse experiences, and the ways in which these risks operate in tandem with protective factors within the child, family, and broader context. More recently, Dr. Prime is studying how the COVID-19 pandemic is posing a threat to family well-being and child adjustment. The overarching goal of Dr. Prime's research program is to provide evidence to inform public health policy and clinical practice aimed at supporting vulnerable children and their families.