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Director Middle East Directions Programme / Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute

I am currently Director of the Middle East Directions Programme at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies at the European University Institute. Previously, I was Ambassador, Head of the EU Delegation to Saudi Arabia, and non-resident Ambassador to Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, UAE and Kuwait. I held positions in the EEAS; the DG for External Relations; the EC Delegations in the Russian Federation, Chile, and Turkey; the UN and the UNDP. A graduate of the University of Bologna and Johns Hopkins University SAIS, I have been a NATO Fellow and a Fulbright Scholar and visiting professor at the University of Chile in Santiago.


  • –present
    Director Middle East Directions Programme, European University Institute


  • 1987 
    Johns Hopkins University, SAIS, Washington DC, MA in International Affairs