Martin Ravallion holds the inaugural Edmond D. Villani Chair of Economics at Georgetown University. Prior to joining Georgetown’s faculty he worked for 24 years at the World Bank, including five years as Director of its research department, the Development Research Group. He has advised numerous governments and international agencies on poverty and policies for fighting it, and he has written extensively on this and other subjects in economics, including four books and 200 papers in scholarly journals and edited volumes. His latest book, The Economics of Poverty, will be published by Oxford University Press late 2015. He is President-elect of the Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, a Senior Fellow of the Bureau for Research in Economic Analysis of Development, a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and a non-resident Fellow of the Center for Global Development. Prof. Ravallion delivered the keynote address at the 5th ACFID University Network Conference, “Evidence and Practice in an Age of Inequality,” held at Monash University from 4-5 June.