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Mohammed Ibrahim

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  • 2021–present
    Senior lecturer, University of Portsmouth
  • 2019–2020
    Lecturer, University of Portsmouth
  • 2018–2019
    Postdoctoral research fellow, Griffith University


  • 2018 
    Loughborough University, Doctor of Philosophy
  • 2013 
    Loughborough University, Master of Science
  • 2008 
    University of Leicester, Bachelor of Science


  • 2021
    Dialoguing and negotiating with Al-Shabaab: The role of clan elders as insider-partial mediators, Journal of Eastern African Studies
  • 2021
    Protection or Predation? Understanding the Behavior of Community-Created Self-Defense Militias During Civil Wars , Small Wars & Insurgencies
  • 2021
    Provocation and attrition strategies in transnational terrorism: the case of Al-Shabaab, Terrorism and Political Violence
  • 2020
    How do leadership decapitation and targeting error affect suicide bombings? The case of Al-Shabaab, Studies in Conflict & Terrorism
  • 2020
    More attacks or more services? Insurgent groups’ behaviour during the COVID-19 pandemic in Afghanistan, Syria, and Somalia, Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression
  • 2019
    Brothers in arms: the phenomenon of complex suicide attacks, Terrorism and Political Violence