Nicolas Brucato is an anthropological geneticist and epigeneticist focusing his research on past and present gene flow between human populations considering the impact of the environment. More specifically he is interested in the genome plasticity occurring after drastic environmental changes and/or admixture events, with a particular focus on genes of the immune system.
He is working on major human migrations in and from Island Southeast Asia. His current research encompasses notably the exploration of the Austronesian dispersal and the history of Papua New Guinea using a wide set of biological markers.
He conducted several studies on diverse major human migrations such as the African Diaspora, the Austronesian expansion in the Indian Ocean or the European Neolithic settlement. In parallel, he studied the genetic and epigenetic factors that influenced the human brain asymmetry, an important developmental factor regarding human cognition and human diseases.