Visiting Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Science and Security Studies, King's College London

Paul Schulte is Senior Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Defence Studies at King's College London. He is also A Non-Resident Senior Associate of the Nuclear Policy Program of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, and a Research Fellow in the Disarmament and Globalisation Programme in the Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy and also at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS). He has been a Senior Fellow in the UK Defence Academy since September 2007. He is the (rigorously secular) Co-Chair of the UK Council on Christian Approaches to Defence and Disarmament (CCADD)
Areas of expertise

Proliferation (CBRN and novelties) and its Strategic Impacts.
Strategic Culture and Communications
Military Ethics and the consequences of moral issues for military choices
Fourth Generation Warfare, Cyber Security and Cross Domain Deterrence
Drone Warfare
Terrorism, Counter Terrorism and Insurgency, especially psychological aspects
Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Contested State Building
Educational background

Paul Schulte graduated from the London School of Economics in Political Sociology and a professional diploma in Group Psychotherapy, from the London Centre for Psychotherapy , followed by 13 years of part-time practice as an honorary consultant at Guy's Hospital. He went on to complete a Senior Officers Course at the Royal College of Defence Studies in London and was an International Fellow at the Weatherhead Centre for International Affairs (WCFIA) Harvard in 2002-3.
Previous appointments

Chief Speechwriter to two Secretaries of State for Defence.
Founding Head of the UK’s interdepartmental Post Conflict Reconstruction Unit, (now the Stabilisation Unit) which conducted the first integrated civil/military campaign plan in UK expeditionary history, for Helmand Province
Seconded to the Coalition Provisional Authority – Iraq, as Director of Defence Organisation in the Office of National Security Affairs. Senior MODUK representative, responsible for rebuilding the Iraqi MOD, leading on structure, organisational design and working processes, and managing the multinational team of mentors to senior Iraqi officials.
Director of Proliferation and Arms Control. Responsible for the formulation of MODUK Conventional, Nuclear and CBW Arms Control policy.
Head of the MoD Medical Finance and Secretariat Department - senior lay civilian official in the medical structure. Key issues: hospital reorganisation, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Gulf War Syndrome allegations.

“What can Conventional Arms Control do for the Euro-Atlantic Security Environment in 2012?” Originally a Wilton Park Paper for a restricted State Department and MODUK sponsored conference October 2012
“The Strategic Risks of Devaluing Nuclear Weapons” Journal article in Contemporary Security Policy 2013
“NATO's Protracted Internal Nuclear Conflict: Contestants, Dynamics and Potential Outcomes” chapter in the forthcoming Zurich Centre for Security Studies publication on “The Future of Extended Nuclear Deterrence in NATO” 2013
"Setting the Threat from Al Qaeda in Historical Perspective” in” the Journal of the NATO Centre of Excellence for Combating Terrorism,
"Responsibly Disproving Non - Compliance: The Case for Normalising a Technical Accountability Obligation in Arms Control and Non-Proliferation " in a Special Issue of Intelligence and National Security.
"Extended Deterrence on the Korean Peninsula" in "Korean Nuclear Crisis" ASAN Institute symposium proceedings, Seoul 2012
””What We Do If We Are Never Going to Do This Again: Western Counterinsurgency Choices after Iraq and Afghanistan" in " Reassessing Counterinsurgency": University of Texas, Austin June 2012 conference proceedings, for publication in 2013
"Nuclear Lessons of the Cold War: Accidents, Misperceptions , Inadvertent Escalation and Local Actors" for the Institute Francais des Relations Internationales ,Paris
"Interrogating Pontecorvo: The Continuing Significance and Evolving Meanings of “The Battle of Algiers" in a Studies in Conflict and Terror
Previous Publications include:
"Motives and Methods of Future Political Violence: Landscapes of the Early 21st Century" in "Hype or Reality? The "New Terrorism" and Mass Casualty Attacks" edited by Brad Roberts, the Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute , Alexandria, Virginia, 2000
"Intelligence and Weapons Proliferation in a Changing World" in "Agents for Change: Intelligence Services in the 21st-Century" edited by Harold Shukman, St Ermin's Press 2000
"I am Osama bin Laden” Royal United Service Institute Journal London October 2002
"Uncertain Diagnosis: Megalomaniacal Hyper-Terrorism and an Unending War for the Future?" in "Globalisation and the New Terror: the Asia-Pacific Dimension" edited by David Martin Jones, Edward Elgar Publishing 2004
“Augustine and Aquinas meet Chemical Ali: The Application of Just War Theory to Rogue Regimes, WMD, and Hyper Terrorism" in "The Price of Peace: Just War in the 21st-Century" edited by Charles Reed and David Ryall , Cambridge University Press 2007
“Universal Vision or Bounded Rationality?" , in the May 2007 Special Edition of International Affairs on Global Nuclear Order
"Just Wars of the Future" Royal United Services Institute Journal August 2008
“US Nonproliferation Policy -Selected Possibilities for a New
Presidency" US Defence Threat Reduction Agency WMD Insights: December 2008/January 2009 issue
"Diminishing the Coming Thunder: The Case for Controlling Volumetric Munitions" in World Defence Systems October 2009 Issue
“The Future of Extended Deterrence – A UK View “Paper for the Fondation de Recherche Stratégique , Paris , Proliferation Series October 2009
"UK Policy Positions on the Future of Nuclear Non-Proliferation ”A chapter in a joint UK (RUSI)/consortium of Chinese Think Tanks publication on preparing for the 2010 NPT Review Conference
Joint editor (with David Martin Jones and Ann Lane) of "Terrorism, Security and the Power of Informal Networks" , Edward Elgar 2010
"Stymieing Leviathan: how Nonstate Actors Can Deter States- A Very Short Practical Handbook" A chapter in "Deterrence in the 21st Century: Proceedings" Royal United Services Institute/US Air Force Research Institute /Kings College London 2011
“Going Off the Reservation into the Sanctuary: Cross-Border Counterterrorist Operations, Fourth Generation Warfare and the Ethical Insufficiency of Contemporary Just War Thinking”A chapter in" Just War against Terror? A Christian and Muslim Response" , Edited by David Fisher and Brian Wicker, Ashgate Publications July 2010 A collection of essays from the Council on Christian Approaches to Defence and Disarmament
"Is NATO’s Nuclear Deterrence Policy a Relic of the Cold War?" Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Policy Outlook November 17, 2010
"Reflections on the Future of Nuclear Arms Control in 2011" A chapter in a joint Chinese and English publication by the Sino-UK Think Tanks Forum on Security and Strategy International Non Proliferation, and World Security
Review of Michael Gross: “Moral Dilemmas of Modern War: Torture, Assassination, and Blackmail in an Age of Asymmetric Conflict “
Cambridge University Press, 2010, in Royal United Services Institute Journal, February 2011
"The Precarious State of Flux of the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE)" Carnegie Council Conference Paper, U.S. Global Engagement Program June 2012
“Moral Aspects of War" Chapter in the Oxford Handbook on War OUP 2012 (With Prof Shen Dingli)
"The Future of Nuclear Non-Proliferation" in "Forging UK-China Consensus on a Strengthened NPT Regime" Edited by Andrea Berger and Malcolm Chalmers, Royal United Services Institute March 2012
"A History of Tactical Nuclear Weapons in NATO" in ” Tactical Nuclear Weapons and NATO” US Strategic Studies Institute, Edited by Dr. Tom Nichols, Dr. Douglas Stuart, Dr. Jeffrey D. McCausland, 2012
(with George Perkovich, Malcolm Chalmers and Steve Pifer ) Looking " Beyond the Chicago Summit: Nuclear Weapons in Europe and the Future of NATO " Carnegie Paper April 2012
"Syrian Chemical Weapons Stocks: A Choice of Risks and Evils" in the Royal United Services Institute's Syria Crisis Briefing, July 2012
“What can Conventional Arms Control do for the Euro-Atlantic Security Environment in 2012?” Wilton Park Paper for a restricted State Department and MODUK sponsored conference October 2012


  • –present
    Visiting Senior Research Fellow, King's College London