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Affiliated Lecturer in Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge

Trained as a paleopathologist, palaeoparasitologist, physical anthropologist, medical historian, and children's orthopaedic surgeon.
President of the Paleopathology Association 2015-2017 (worldwide organisation for the study of ancient diseases).
Editorial Board Member of the International Journal of Paleopathology. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, and PostMedieval: a Journal of Medieval Cultural Studies.
Founding Editor of the Cambridge Studies in Human Bioarchaeology and Osteoarchaeology book series, to be published by Cambridge University Press.

I teach a course on Human Evolution and Health. This explores how disease has shaped the way humans have evolved, and also how diseases have evolved to exploit humans. After considering the different techniques available to investigate health in past populations, we discuss the biological and genetic impact of disease upon natural selection. The cultural consequences of ill health will also be explored, including the social and religious interpretation of why people became ill, coping strategies by past civilizations to live with diseases significant in their societies, and attempts to heal the sick.

The interaction between humans and parasites throughout evolution.
Disease and health in the crusades to the medieval Middle East.

Parasites in Past Civilizations and their Impact Upon Health.
Health in the Crusades: Epidemics, Malnutrition, and the Medieval Physician.
Anatomical Dissection, Autopsy, and Pathology Museums in Britain from 1700.
The Health of King Richard III of England.


  • –present
    Affiliated Lecturer in Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge